Determinants of faculty's attitudes toward trade unionism in tertiary education institutions in Hong Kong

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Determinants of faculty's attitudes toward trade unionism in tertiary education institutions in Hong Kong

 

Author: Chan, Yuen-kwan Elaine
Title: Determinants of faculty's attitudes toward trade unionism in tertiary education institutions in Hong Kong
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 1998
Subject: Universities and colleges -- China -- Hong Kong
Universities and colleges -- Faculty
Labor unions -- China -- Hong Kong
University of Hong Kong
Chinese University of Hong Kong
Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Multi-disciplinary Studies
Dept. of Management
Pages: xi, 121 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1446479
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/1111
Abstract: In view of the upward trend of trade unionism in tertiary education institutions in Hong Kong, the study aimed to investigate the determinants of faculty's attitudes toward trade unionism so as to illuminate the needs of faculty and to improve the relationship between the faculty and the university. Mailed questionnaire was issued to faculty of three well-established universities viz. The University of Hong Kong, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, and The Hong Kong Polytechnic University for the purpose. The effects of faculty's perceived function of unionisation on and satisfaction with compensation, personnel, governance and academic concerns, perceived colleagues' support of trade unionism, union performance, and demographic characteristics on faculty's attitudes toward trade unionism in universities were examined. The results showed that junior and middle level faculty, who are the core teaching staff group in universities, are volatile. They would give their support to the organisation which satisfied their needs. Faculty's perceived function of unionisation on the four concerns were positively correlated with their attitudes toward trade unionism. If faculty perceived that unionisation could bring desired outcomes in the four areas, they would hold a more positive attitude toward unionisation. Faculty's satisfaction with the four concerns, however, did not necessarily bring a stronger pro-union attitude. Perceived colleagues' support of trade unionism and union performance were also in positive correlation with faculty's unionisation attitudes. For demographic characteristics, only academic discipline of a faculty cast an influence on his/her unionisation attitudes. The model of the 11 independent variables together significantly explained 37% of the variance in faculty's attitudes toward trade unionism in local universities. Among the significant independent variables, the stepwise multiple regression analysis suggested that perceived function of unionisation on personnel concern was the most important determinant, with perceived function of unionisation on compensation concern and union performance of the second and third importance respectively. To dilute or enhance pro-union attitudes in faculty by changing the value of the determinants, university senior management and staff association executives could apply the model to predict the effects of the changes on faculty's attitudes. This study recommends that a review of the existing policy-making processes and managerial skills be undertaken by university senior management, involving the participation of faculty, to identify and define the problems. A win-win solution of mutual understanding with compromise and consensus of common goals will greatly facilitate and enhance the co-operation between the university and the faculty.

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