Attitudinal variables associated with breast self-examination among women in Hong Kong

Pao Yue-kong Library Electronic Theses Database

Attitudinal variables associated with breast self-examination among women in Hong Kong

 

Author: Chan, Yuk-ping
Title: Attitudinal variables associated with breast self-examination among women in Hong Kong
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 1999
Subject: Breast -- Cancer -- China -- Hong Kong
Breast -- Examination
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Multi-disciplinary Studies
Dept. of Nursing and Health Sciences
Pages: viii, 126 leaves : ill. (some col.) ; 31 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1484310
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/114
Abstract: In order to promote BSE among Hong Kong women a cross-sectional correlational survey was conducted to examine the relationship between attitudinal variables based on the Health Belief Model constructs and the practice of BSE. In addition, other variables included demographic variables, personal history of breast disease, family history of breast cancer, contact with people who have breast cancer, social influence, general health seeking behaviour and general health related behaviour, were also examined. Women's BSE practice were measured as previous BSE practice and frequency of current BSE practice. For BSE non-performers, their intention to practise BSE in the future was assessed. Data was collected from a convenience sample of six hundred and eight women via self-administrated questionnaires. Sixty-four percent of the respondents had practised BSE previously, but only 61% currently practised BSE. Among the BSE performers only one third performed BSE monthly. Eighty-four percent of BSE non-performers indicated an intention to practise BSE in future. Results supported some predictability of Health Belief Model constructs. Logistic regression showed that BSE performers had more confidence and perceived fewer barriers. Multiple regression indicated that confidence, perceived barriers and benefits, and general health motivation accounted for 21% of variance of BSE frequency. In addition, discriminant function analysis revealed that confidence and perceived barriers in performing BSE were strong predictors of high BSE frequency. Moreover, significant association was found between BSE behaviour (practice and frequency) and age, education level, marital status, occupation, history of breast disease, family history of breast cancer, contact with breast cancer people, influence of family members and friends, and general health related behaviour. Among BSE non-performers, logistic regression showed that stronger general health motivation and perceived less barriers best predicted their intention to practise BSE in future. Based on the study results, new strategies in promoting BSE can be formulated.

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