Demand side management (DSM) in buildings in Hong Kong

Pao Yue-kong Library Electronic Theses Database

Demand side management (DSM) in buildings in Hong Kong

 

Author: Ng, Wai-hung
Title: Demand side management (DSM) in buildings in Hong Kong
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2002
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Energy facilities -- China -- Hong Kong -- Environmental aspects
Energy conservation -- China -- Hong Kong
Buildings -- Energy conservation -- China -- Hong Kong
Buildings -- Environmental engineering -- China -- Hong Kong
Department: Multi-disciplinary Studies
Dept. of Building Services Engineering
Pages: xvi, 136 leaves : ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1661034
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/1158
Abstract: With the increasing concern on global environmental problems such as the thinning of ozone layer, acid rains, rise in sea level, global warming and green house effects, power companies worldwide are facing great pressure to ensure that their generation facilities and power system development are environmental friendly. Demand side management (DSM) is regarded as the least-cost alternatives when both environmental costs and welfare needs are taken into account. Demand side management is a relatively new approach, at least to Hong Kong, for total energy savings approach in reducing peak and base loads. It introduces a new marketing alternative to building new power plant in meeting the increase in customers' demand growth. DSM activities are those which involve actions on the demand side of the electric meter, either directly caused or indirectly stimulated by the utility. These activities include those commonly called load management, strategic conservation, electrification, strategic growth or deliberately increased market share so as to change the configuration or magnitude of the load shape. Demand Side Management is already familiar to most developed countries around the world. In Hongkong, DSM is still at the beginning or trial-running stage. Our society is still bounded by the traditional power supply policies under the Scheme of Control Agreements (SCA) between the government and the utility companies. Public awareness on DSM application still limits to the use of energy saving products. With the change in the HK economic situation and the alternation in demand distribution, revolutionary changes in the supply / demand relationship and a broader implementation of DSM will be the trend of the next decade. The dissertation focuses on the investigation of possible DSM implementation in Hong Kong, with particularly emphasis on DSM application in buildings. Proven DSM strategies and tools around the world will be collected and investigated from a macroscopic point of view. The study will mainly concentrate on the engineering side while the economic effect when implementing DSM will also be considered. Impacts, public perception and implementation barriers are also covered. With the development of our society, DSM technologies and implementation of DSM in HK will not only be the core of this dissertation, but also be the common discussion subject among professionals and the public. With the latest incident of insufficient power supply in California, USA, concerns among engineers and professionals have been re-raised since the last energy crisis in 70's. We begin to re-consider how we use and manage our electricity and generation facilities to prevent serious power outage that will adversely affect the economy of our society.

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