The relationship between leadership style and job satisfaction of staff nurses

Pao Yue-kong Library Electronic Theses Database

The relationship between leadership style and job satisfaction of staff nurses


Author: Chan, Kit-ying Sandy
Title: The relationship between leadership style and job satisfaction of staff nurses
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 1998
Subject: Nurse administrators -- China -- Hong Kong -- Case studies
Nurses -- China -- Hong Kong -- Case studies
Job satisfaction -- China -- Hong Kong -- Case studies
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Multi-disciplinary Studies
Dept. of Management
Pages: v, 62 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record:
Abstract: This study examined the relationship between the perception of nurse manager leadership style and the level of job satisfaction of staff nurse in a community hospital in Kowloon. The leadership behaviours were two distinct types, transformational and transactional leadership behaviours. Demographic data were also analysed in relation to leadership style and job satisfaction. Two research instruments were utilized, the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire I (MLQ I) and the Job Diagnostic Survey (JDS). Self explanatory questionnaires were distributed to 145 nurses working in both clinical and administrative areas. The independent variables were the five leadership composites measured by the MLQ I and the dependent variables were the five facets of job satisfaction measured by the JDS. Anonymity of response was preserved for the individual respondents. Responses were subjected to analysis of variance, multiple regression and correlation. The major findings of this study were that nurse managers were rated high on the transformational leadership behaviour representation. However, staff nurses were most satisfied with leaders exercising transformational leadership behaviour and transactional leadership behaviour which was different from the results of the previous research in the western countries. Leadership behaviour as a block was very significant to growth and supervisory satisfaction of the staff nurse (p <0.001). Individualised consideration was the most important leadership composite that was related to pay and growth satisfaction of subordinates. Job satisfaction was positively related to age, ranking and whether the staff had attended management course. Since leadership behaviour and job satisfaction were shown to relate, the finding could be used by the nurse managers in choice of a leadership style. It was also instrumental in training of nurse supervisors. Unlike the previous findings in other countries e.g. Canada and USA; staff nurses in Hong Kong were satisfied with both transformational and transactional leadership behaviours. Leaders could aspire to transformational quality building on more traditional transactional dimensions on day to day operations. Although not a panacea for all, the integration of transformational and transactional composites could offer clues and directions to developing creative and rewarding approaches to leadership of professional nursing practice in Hong Kong in the near future.

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