Re-searching for a needle in a haystack : leadership as a moderator between climates and performance

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Re-searching for a needle in a haystack : leadership as a moderator between climates and performance

 

Author: Lam, Po-hing Michael
Title: Re-searching for a needle in a haystack : leadership as a moderator between climates and performance
Degree: D.B.A.
Year: 2004
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Leadership
Organizational behavior
Organizational effectiveness
Department: Graduate School of Business
Pages: ix, 147 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1781050
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/1189
Abstract: This study re-visit what Podsakoff, Mackenzie, Ahearne, & Bommer (1995) suggests "Searching for a Needle in a Haystack" and examines whether organizational climate, transformational leadership behavior and transactional leadership behavior separately or jointly affect followers' performance. Four hundred and thirty matched pairs of leaders and followers from 85 Hong Kong organizations participated in this research study. Results of a series of hierarchical moderated linear regression analyses show that, in addition to the main effect of climates on employees' performance, the interaction of the two constructs, as predicted, led to both positive and negative outcomes contingent on different sets of circumstances. Analyses were conducted by grouping individuals into two categories reflecting the two stages of the organizational life cycle, namely the growth stage and the mature stage. Findings show that followers' performance was influenced jointly by leadership and climate at the growth stage but the effects of leadership subsided while the effects of climate dominated at the mature stage. Implications for leadership theory and climate are discussed and recommendations proposed.

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