The effect of an exercise training program on the fitness level of sedentary secondary school students in Hong Kong

Pao Yue-kong Library Electronic Theses Database

The effect of an exercise training program on the fitness level of sedentary secondary school students in Hong Kong

 

Author: Cheung, Yuk-wa Catherine
Title: The effect of an exercise training program on the fitness level of sedentary secondary school students in Hong Kong
Year: 1999
Subject: High school students -- Health and hygiene -- China -- Hong Kong
Physical fitness for youth -- China -- Hong Kong
Physical education and training -- China -- Hong Kong
Exercise -- Physiological aspects
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Multi-disciplinary Studies
Dept. of Rehabilitation Sciences
Pages: xiii, 102 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1477362
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/1780
Abstract: Physical inactivity is linked with conditions such as coronary heart disease, hypertension, obesity and musculoskeletal disorders. A recent survey conducted by Georgia Guldan (1997) revealed that only 13 per cent of secondary school children in Hong Kong did vigorous physical activity for 15 minutes or more per day, while 95 per cent spent nearly 4 hours a day watching television. Obese children have a higher risk of becoming obese adolescents and adults. In view of the lack of published data reporting the fitness level of the secondary school students and the effect of an exercise program on their physical fitness. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of an eight-week aerobic training program on the fitness level of the sedentary secondary school students. Thirty sedentary Form three and Form four female students from Lutheran Middle School were recruited for the study. They were randomly assigned into exercise and control group. The exercise group received eight weeks of aerobic exercise training program whereas the control group did not undergo any training. Their resting heart rate, sum of skin-folds, sit-and-reach data and 60 seconds sit-ups were taken at the beginning of the study, end of 4th week and 8th week of the program. The fitness parameters of each group were analyzed using the one way repeated measure ANOVA. The results demonstrated significant improvements in the per cent body fat (p=0.02), body mass index (p=0.00), and 60 seconds sit-ups in exercise group (p=0.00) but no significant difference in control group. There were no significant changes in the resting heart rate and the sit and reach data in exercise group. These results suggested that eight weeks exercise program could improve the body composition and muscular endurance of the sedentary secondary school students. This program can be a useful guideline for physical education teachers in conducting classes.

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