An exploratory study on factors enhancing the residents' participation in activities in a care and attention home

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An exploratory study on factors enhancing the residents' participation in activities in a care and attention home


Author: Tai, Chi-ming
Title: An exploratory study on factors enhancing the residents' participation in activities in a care and attention home
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2000
Subject: People with disabilities -- Rehabilitation -- China -- Hong Kong
People with disabilities -- Institutional care -- China -- Hong Kong
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Multi-disciplinary Studies
Dept. of Rehabilitation Sciences
Pages: ix, 186 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record:
Abstract: This research study explores the factors affecting the level of participation in activities among residents with severe multiple disabilities in a Care and Attention Home. A Focus group interview with five residents guided the development of a questionnaire. The questionnaire survey was conducted in the center and the opinions from most of the other residents who could comprehend were collected. The results of the questionnaire were compared with the feedback of six staff through a focus group interview. The data collected from the two focus group interviews and the questionnaire survey were analyzed and compared to provide answers for the research questions and guided further investigation in the area studied. Community social activities and outdoor activities such as visiting friends and shopping are identified as the most favorite categories of activities among the residents. This study also reveals that the major barrier to activity participation is the shortage of staff. It is highly likely due to the severe disabilities of the residents that they need various kind of manual assistance during the activities. Thus, some residents are lacking of opportunities for exposures to activities and become idling most of the time. However, the presence of staff also imposes restrictions on the residents. The residents are asking for higher degree of freedom. The assertiveness of the residents is suggested to be an important factor to enhance participation in activities. The preference of activities of the residents coincides with the directions of the rehabilitation policy and the mission of the Association. That is, instead of focusing on segregated and prescribed activities, effort to promote integration, socialization community participation and self-determination is required. Further investigation is needed to explore other factors and to take a more in-depth look into the discussed factors how they can be incorporated into intervention programs to enhance residents' participation in activities.

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