Development and validation of an evaluation scale measuring effective clinical teaching behaviours of physiotherapy clinical educator

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Development and validation of an evaluation scale measuring effective clinical teaching behaviours of physiotherapy clinical educator

 

Author: Tsang, Chi-chung
Title: Development and validation of an evaluation scale measuring effective clinical teaching behaviours of physiotherapy clinical educator
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 1998
Subject: Physical therapy -- Study and teaching -- Evaluation
Medical teaching personnel -- Evaluation
Medical teaching personnel -- Rating of
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Multi-disciplinary Studies
Dept. of Rehabilitation Sciences
Pages: x, 250 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1441865
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/1913
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to develop and validate an evaluation scale which measured the effective clinical teaching behaviours of physiotherapy clinical educators that were helpful in facilitating physiotherapy students to learn in clinical education placements. A pool of 97 items was developed by the investigator based on literature review and then matched to four domains of clinical teaching behaviours of physiotherapy clinical educators proposed by Emery (1984). A panel of reviewers consisting of physiotherapy clinical educators, lecturers and physiotherapy undergraduate students reviewed the items in a two-stage review process. Some items were deleted or revised, based on the comments and suggestions given by the reviewers in Stage One. There were 62 items remained. The reviewers rated the content relevance of the items in Stage Two. All items had an index of content validity greater than 0.8. Then one hundred and four Year-II and Year-III physiotherapy students rated the importance of the items as effective clinical teaching behaviours in a seven-point scale from 'least important' to 'most important'. All the items had a rating higher than 5.0 and were considered as important by the students. The students' ratings were then factor analysed using common factor analyses with trials of varimax rotations and oblique rotations, resulting in two factors of eleven items. The first factor consisted of eight items and was named the "teaching behaviours". The second factor consisted of three items and called the "psychosocial behaviours". These two factors constituted the two subscales of the evaluation scale of effective clinical teaching behaviours of physiotherapy clinical educator. The coefficient alphas of the "teaching behaviours" and "psychosocial behaviours" were 0.85 and 0.76 respectively. The intraclass correlation coefficients (1,1) for the estimate of test-retest reliability were 0.75 (95% CI = 0.62-0.84) for "teaching behaviours" and 0.70 (95% CI = 0.54-0.81) for "psychosocial behaviours". Emery's suggestions of four domains of clinical teaching behaviours were not supported in this study. The differences in the number of domains and items of effective clinical teaching behaviours identified in this study were discussed in light of the variations in the use of different exploratory factor analytic methods in the literature. The limitations in the content adequacy of the scale and the response format used in the study were highlighted. Suggestions were made for further study.

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