Parents' self-concept of school-age children with severe mental handicap in Hong Kong

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Parents' self-concept of school-age children with severe mental handicap in Hong Kong


Author: Cheng, Wing-yeung Andrew
Title: Parents' self-concept of school-age children with severe mental handicap in Hong Kong
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2000
Subject: Parents of children with disabilities -- China -- Hong Kong
Children with mental disabilities -- China -- Hong Kong
School children -- China -- Hong Kong
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Multi-disciplinary Studies
Dept. of Rehabilitation Sciences
Pages: x, 67 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record:
Abstract: This study aimed to explore the important life areas and self-concept domains as perceived by parents who have children with severe mental handicap (SMH) in Hong Kong. It helped to investigate the level of self-concept between parents of children with and without SMH and the non-disabled Chinese adults in Hong Kong. The instrument in this study included a standardized questionnaire: Adult Sources of Self-Esteem Inventory (ASSEI), a questionnaire for demographic information collection including three open-ended questions on self-concept. Parents of the children with SMH and have been receiving education in special schools were chosen as the targets in this study. There were totally 109 parents in this study and 65% of them were between 31 to 45 years old. Among these targets, 67.9% were female and 38.5% of them were housewives. Concerning their school age SMH children, about half of them (42.2%) were between 11 to 15 years old. There were more female (60.6%) children than male children (39.4%). When comparing to results, parents who have children with SMH had a lower level of life satisfaction reflecting by the lower self-concepts than parents who have children without SMH and non-disabled adults. The total mean satisfaction scores of the ASSEI were 5.1 for parents who have children with SMH and 6.65 for parents of children without SMH and 6.47 for the non-disabled adults. The group means were statistically different (t=-4.19 & -4.46, p <0.05) for both satisfaction scores. These parents with lower self-concept would experience more negative feelings and stress and as a result, require more adaptation and resources to handle difficulties and crisis. In view of this, occupational therapists should share their professional advice with them. Through recommended and appropriate handling technique and provide medical information, the parents could also benefit from professional advice on stress coping and problem solving. Most importantly, the occupational therapy intervention should not only focus on the children with disabilities, but also considering the needs of the entire family.

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