Validation of the Chinese translated personal well-being index on young school-age children in Hong Kong

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Validation of the Chinese translated personal well-being index on young school-age children in Hong Kong

 

Author: Chan, Chung-man Barbara
Title: Validation of the Chinese translated personal well-being index on young school-age children in Hong Kong
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2007
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations.
School children -- China -- Hong Kong -- Social conditions.
Quality of life -- China -- Hong Kong.
Well-being -- China -- Hong Kong.
Department: Dept. of Rehabilitation Sciences
Pages: vi, 46 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b2174126
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/226
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of the Chinese translated Personal Wellbeing Index (School-age Children version) (PWI-SC) as a suitable subjective wellbeing (SWB) measure for young school-age children in Hong Kong. Using this measure, preliminary insights into the SWB levels of this population will also be gathered. A combined convenient and purposive sample of 515 children was recruited from primary schools in three major regions of Hong Kong (Hong Kong Island, Kowloon and the New Territories). They included representative samples from primary one to six. Of the total sample, seventy children were randomly selected for test-retest of the PWI-SC scale. A group survey method was conducted which required each participant to self-complete a questionnaire containing the PWI-SC items in class. An additional short three-item pre-testing protocol was also administered to identify those participants who could not validly and reliably respond to the PWI questions using a standard 0 to 10 happiness rating scale. The results of the study found the PWI-SC to demonstrate good psychometric properties in terms of reliability, validity and sensitivity, which were also generally similar to the original parallel form developed for use with adults (PWI-A). These results were also consistent with pre-existing findings of an earlier form of the PWI, known as The Comprehensive Scale on Quality of Life (ComQOL). However, compared to the preexisting normative 'gold standard' values established for Asian-Chinese adults, the SWB levels of the children participants in this study (mean = 75.5, SD: 13.9) were about 10 percent higher. Low prevalence of cultural response bias in young children was proposed as a contributing factor. In conclusion, this study has found the Chinese-translated PWI-SC to be a culturally useful, sensitive, valid and reliable tool for measuring the SWB of young children up to 12 years of age in Hong Kong. It may, however, be useful to include a pre-testing protocol with children of younger ages or when using a group interview format.

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