Relationship between Chinese and English handwriting speed, in-hand manipulation and pencil grip position of children 5-6 years of age in day nurseries in Hong Kong

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Relationship between Chinese and English handwriting speed, in-hand manipulation and pencil grip position of children 5-6 years of age in day nurseries in Hong Kong

 

Author: Lam, Lai-fun Selina
Title: Relationship between Chinese and English handwriting speed, in-hand manipulation and pencil grip position of children 5-6 years of age in day nurseries in Hong Kong
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2001
Subject: Chinese language -- China -- Hong Kong -- Writing
English language -- China -- Hong Kong -- Writing
Children -- China -- Hong Kong
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Multi-disciplinary Studies
Dept. of Rehabilitation Sciences
Pages: xii, 91, [20] leaves : ill. ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1578460
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/2358
Abstract: Handwriting as a means of communication has been identified as an essential skill for all pre-school children. Any incapacity in the area will have negative effect on a child's academic performance and self-esteem. Poor handwriting is one of the most common problems encountered by paediatric occupational therapists in Hong Kong. Among various factors, in-hand manipulation and pencil grips are hypothesized to have an effect on the handwriting speed. This study is designed to investigate the relationship between in-hand manipulation, pencil grips and handwriting speed of children aged 5-6 years old in day nurseries in Hong Kong. The subjects were 52 children aged 5.4 to 6 years. The children were assessed individually by the researcher to conduct Chinese and English handwriting speed tests and the in-hand manipulation tests concerning complex rotation and multiple complex rotation. During the writing tests, the different types of grips that the children used were videotaped and rated accordingly based on Schneck & Henderson's rating scale (1990). The data collected is analysed with Pearson Product-Moment Correlation and General Linear Models. Results indicated that English handwriting speed is significantly correlated with in-hand manipulation sub skill multiple complex rotation (r= .533, p= .000) but not with sub skill complex rotation (p= .082). It is fairly correlated with types of pencil grips i.e. transitional grips and mature grips (r= -.342, p= .0 16). Whilst for Chinese handwriting speed, only a low correlation is found between types of pencil grips (r= -.295, p= .043). There is no significant association found between Chinese handwriting speed and the two in-hand manipulation sub skills, multiple complex rotation (p= .395) and complex rotation (p= .149) as well as between pencil grips and both multiple complex rotation (p= 2.44) and complex rotation (p= .689). Commencing Pearson Product-Moment Correlation, English handwriting speed is shown to be moderately correlated with Chinese writing speed (r= .631), indicating that there are differences existing between the two kinds of handwriting. In-hand manipulation skill seems to be more essential for English handwriting than for Chinese handwriting. The possible reasons for the results shown by the present study, its implications in respect to occupational therapy, the study limitations and suggestions for future studies are discussed.

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