The use of cognitive-behavioral intervention to help adolescent students in enhancing parent-child relationship

Pao Yue-kong Library Electronic Theses Database

The use of cognitive-behavioral intervention to help adolescent students in enhancing parent-child relationship

 

Author: Wong, Yiu-yu Carman
Title: The use of cognitive-behavioral intervention to help adolescent students in enhancing parent-child relationship
Degree: M.A.
Year: 2002
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Parent and teenager -- China -- Hong Kong -- Case studies
Teenagers -- China -- Hong Kong -- Family relationships -- Case studies
Teenagers -- China -- Hong Kong -- Social conditions
Department: Dept. of Applied Social Sciences
Pages: 58 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1643193
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/247
Abstract: The purpose of this practice-based project is to use cognitive behavioural intervention to help adolescent students enhance their parent-child relationship. Problem of parent-child relationship is a cause contributing to difficulties experienced by adolescents who study in secondary school, especially during the junior high period. Two students having relationship problems with their parents were selected from the school social worker's caseload/case files. One is male and the other is female. They were both fifteen years old. This project focused on identifying the beliefs that hinder effective communication between these students and their parents. Through the interviews and homework assignment, the students were assisted in constructing realistic beliefs and strengthening their communication skills and their ability to interact with their parents. One-to-one interviewing was the main method used to gather qualitative data. A supplementary measurement, the Index of Family Relationship (IFR), was used to enrich the understanding of the problem and analysis of the clients' parent-child relationships. Through the interviewing process, the clients were helped to understand their own situations and the meaning of their interactions in order to increase their ability to understand others' feelings, especially their parents'. The process widened the clients' perspective to understand other people and adults in general, especially their parents and improved their communication skills in interacting with their parents. From the scores of the IFR, both clients had positive changes in their perception of family relationship. The female client had significant improvement in the short-term intervention, but the male client had only slight improvement because he was still holding onto some faulty perceptions about his parents. The findings of this project revealed that parent's behaviours towards their adolescent children would affect the adolescents' perception of parent-child relationship. Compared to the male client, the female client had parents who were stricter in their control over her because the parents were afraid that she would be involved in sexual relationships. Adolescents with strict parents rated their relationship with their parents poorer than those who did not have parents who were as strict. Both teenage clients did not experience severe conflict with their fathers because they tended to use avoidance tactics to handle conflicts with their fathers. On the other hand, they reported better relationships with their mothers, even though their conflict tended to be more frequent and intense, because they preferred their mothers' disciplinary management techniques which were only related to problematic behavior in nature. The father-adolescent disputes were more interpersonal in nature. Further study is suggested in order to: (1) prolong the session period in order to further consolidate clients' successful experience, (2) conduct interviews with both parents and clients so that more accurate of data will be collected, (3) involve the clients in group to enhance their growth of gained from individual sessions.

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