A study on the relationship between the perceived leadership style of the Chinese top management and the intraprenerial orientation of the Hong Kong textile & clothing industry

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A study on the relationship between the perceived leadership style of the Chinese top management and the intraprenerial orientation of the Hong Kong textile & clothing industry

 

Author: Lai, Wing-sheung Andrea
Title: A study on the relationship between the perceived leadership style of the Chinese top management and the intraprenerial orientation of the Hong Kong textile & clothing industry
Degree: M.B.A.
Year: 1997
Subject: Textile industry -- China -- Hong Kong -- Management
Clothing trade -- China -- Hong Kong -- Management
Entrepreneurship -- China -- Hong Kong
Executives -- China -- Hong Kong
Leadership
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Dept. of Management
Pages: ix, 126 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1257007
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/2661
Abstract: In view of the hypercompetition both domestic and foreign, organizations seek solutions to survive. The practice of intrapreneurship (or corporate entrepreneurship) thus becomes more and more widely recognized as a tool for survival or expansion. It also helps to retain the brilliant personnel in the organization. Much of the research concerning the concept of intrapreneurship is focused on the western organizations. This study sought to examine the relationship between this concept and the culture by investigating the intrapreneurial orientation in the Chinese organizations. As culture is a general construct including many different dimensions, this study focused specifically on the leadership style of the Chinese top management. The objective of this research is to examine the perceived leadership style of the Chinese top management in HK and the relationship between perceived leadership style of the Chinese top management and the intrapreneurial orientation. The perception of the subordinates towards the leadership style of the boss is believed to be more objective than self-assessment by the bosses. Therefore, the target respondents are the subordinates instead of the Chinese bosses. Two other factors (i.e. size of organization and nature of business) which may have a moderating effect on the relationship were also tested in this study. The hypotheses tested are : "Small organization tends to have less intrapreneurial orientation" and "There is no difference in terms of intrapreneurial orientation among different natures of business". The textile and clothing industry are targeted as they are one of the largest industries in Hong Kong and fulfil the requirements for intrapreneurship. A questionnaire composed of three sections were sent to 300 respondents who are chosen randomly from the membership list of the Textile Institute. The first section measures the perceived leadership style of the ultimate decision-maker. It is derived from the Influence-power Continuum developed by Heller (1971). The second section measures the 7 dimensions of intrapreneurial orientation. They are the level of autonomy, innovativeness, proactiveness, risk-taking, competitive aggressiveness, rewards and resources availability. The last section records the peripheral variables such as the size of organization, nature of business. From the data collected, it is found that the perceived leadership style of the Chinese top management in Hong Kong is between benevolent authoritative and consultative. The data were analysed by statistical models like the regression and correlation analysis, the t-test and the ANOVA model. By means of the regression and correlation analysis, it was found that there is correlation between perceived leadership style of the Chinese top management and the intrapreneurial orientation of an organization. Among the 7 dimensions of intrapreneurial orientation, the level of autonomy has the strongest relationship with the perceived leadership style. Using the one-way ANOVA model, the result suggested that there is no difference in intrapreneurial orientation among different sizes of organization. This implies that small organization does not tend to have less intrapreneurial orientation. It was also concluded that there is no difference in intrapreneurial orientation among different natures of business from the one-way ANOVA analysis. The results show that both the size of organization and nature of business do not have significant moderating effect on the relationship between the perceived leadership style and intraprenuerial orientation. Additional tests by regression and correlation analysis gave the result that both the size of organization and nature of business are not significant explanatory factor to the intrapreneurial orientation. Since the validity of the results is limited to the assumption that the dimensions of intrapreneurial orientation are of equal weight, further studies are recommended on the investigation of the best configuration of dimensions of intrapreneurial orientation in different settings. Further researches are also recommended on the impact of culture on intrapreneurial orientation as well as the significance of other factors such as age of organization to intrapreneurial orientation.

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