|Title:||The influence of stakeholder pressures on the effectiveness of EMS components and environmental performance : an empirical study of fleet operations in Hong Kong|
|Subject:||Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations|
Sustainable development -- China -- Hong Kong
Air -- Pollution -- China -- Hong Kong
Environmental protection -- China -- Hong Kong
Environmental indicators -- China -- Hong Kong
|Department:||Dept. of Management|
|Pages:||viii, 145 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm|
|Abstract:||Sustainable development has become a major concern for the world leaders since the Brundtland Report in 1987 and the subsequent Earth Summit in 1992. Many corporations have since started to pursue the principles of the triple bottom line-economic prosperity, environmental quality, and social justice. Focusing only on the environmental dimension, air pollution is the major problem confronting the Government of Hong Kong SAR. The efforts of implementing a wide range of regulatory, economic, and communicative policy instruments by the Government were nullified by the increase in traffic volume. After reviewing the literature on sustainable development, air pollution in Hong Kong, government policy instruments to deal with air pollution, stakeholder theory, environmental management systems and environmental performance, a theoretical framework was proposed. Relationships between stakeholder pressures and the effectiveness of environmental management system (EMS) components, as well as relationships between effectiveness of EMS components and environmental performance were hypothesized. Stakeholder pressures included the pressures from government and environmental organization stakeholders, organization stakeholders, community stakeholders, network stakeholders, and media stakeholders. EMS components included environmental policy, planning, and operation, corrective action and management review. From a sample of fleet operations in 130 organizations in Hong Kong, the hypotheses were empirically tested. The results indicated that significant relationships existed between (a) government and environmental organization stakeholder pressures and effectiveness of environmental policy, (b) community stakeholders and effectiveness of environmental policy, (c) media stakeholder pressures and effectiveness of planning, and (d) community stakeholder pressures and effectiveness of operation, corrective action and management review. Post hoc analysis revealed that fleet size was a significant moderating variable on the relationships between stakeholder pressures and effectiveness of EMS components. Consequently, environmental policy was identified to be the most important EMS component for large fleet operations to address pressures from (a) government and environmental organization stakeholders, (b) organizational stakeholders, and (c)media stakeholders. Except for the relationship between effectiveness of environmental policy and average age of diesel vehicles for small fleet operations, there was no direct relationship between the effectiveness of EMS components and environmental performance. This has contradicted the perception of many people that implementation of EMS would lead to improvements in environmental performance.|
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