The impact of career orientation and person-environment fit on work attitudes : a study of human service professionals in Hong Kong

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The impact of career orientation and person-environment fit on work attitudes : a study of human service professionals in Hong Kong

 

Author: Chan, Ka-yee Nicole
Title: The impact of career orientation and person-environment fit on work attitudes : a study of human service professionals in Hong Kong
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 1997
Subject: Human services personnel -- China -- Hong Kong -- Psychology
Work ethic -- China -- Hong Kong
Level of aspiration
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Multi-disciplinary Studies
Pages: viii, 113 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1256991
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/2697
Abstract: Career orientation embraces the underlying career needs, values and aspirations of individuals. It can have important implications for work attitudes, job satisfaction and performance. Very little empirical research has been conducted on the career orientations held by helping professionals in Hong Kong. This study attempted to bridge this gap in the literature and examined the career orientations, and the attitudinal outcomes of these orientations, of 161 human service professionals in Hong Kong. These professionals comprised social workers, teachers and trainers who were mainly employed in the public sector organizations. The most prevalent career orientation of the helping professionals was 'sense of service'. Security orientation was also found to be highly represented in the sample, lifestyle orientation came third with autonomy orientation being least characteristic. Among the three professional groups, trainers were slightly more prevalent in service orientation than social workers, while teachers were the least prevalent. The most significant findings were that the highly service-oriented professionals were more involved in their jobs, more committed to their career and organisation, and less inclined to leave their employing organisation. Moreover, professionals whose career orientations were congruent with their work setting reported higher level of job satisfaction and career satisfaction. They also showed greater involvement in job, stronger commitment to career and organisation, and lower intention to leave. Human service professionals and organisations should recognise that compatibility between individual and environmental characteristics is vital to producing positive work outcomes. Further research on this topic can be carried out to explore the innermost service motives of the helping professionals within each individual occupational group, and how these motives change during the different career stages in life.

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