Aspects of fire safety for shopping centres in Hong Kong

Pao Yue-kong Library Electronic Theses Database

Aspects of fire safety for shopping centres in Hong Kong

 

Author: Lee, Wing-kam
Title: Aspects of fire safety for shopping centres in Hong Kong
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 1999
Subject: Shopping malls -- Fires and fire prevention -- China -- Hong Kong
Shopping malls -- China -- Hong Kong -- Safety measures
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Multi-disciplinary Studies
Dept. of Building Services Engineering
Pages: xvii, 62, [77] leaves : ill. (some col.), maps ; 31 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1471896
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/2698
Abstract: Fire safety aspects in 105 shopping centres under the management of the Hong Kong Housing Authority, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) were studied. The characteristics of local shopping centres and their implications on fire safety were identified. It was found that shopping centres in the HKSAR are designed to cope with the heavy traffic of customers whilst maximizing the available retail space and storage space in what is most likely the case, a building of limited space. Most of the shopping centres are congested with people and goods. A fire in a shopping centre will cause serious damage and life loss if the fire safety measures of the shopping centre are inadequate. The local fire safety requirements for shopping centres were reviewed. Key parameters for fire safety were studied in relation to the local fire safety requirements. The design principles of shopping centres for various locations were also discussed with regard to fire safety. An engineer's calculator FPEtool was used to study fire safety in Tai Wo Shopping Centre a selected Type A shopping centre of the Hong Kong Housing Authority, that connects with the mass transport system, e.g. the Kowloon Canton Railway stations (KCR). It is a typical large shopping centre that was designed to attract thousands of people to visit. Aspects related to fire safety in the typical shopping centre were discussed. An egress time model was set up and the escape time for the centre was calculated according to the layout and occupant load. Various conditions were assumed in the fire simulations. The results were compared with the egress time. It was found that the facade design and the internal height of the fired shop would affect the smoke spread and the smoke layer temperature.

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