A study of pregnant women's knowledge of HIV transmission, perceived risk & acceptability of antenatal HIV screening in Hong Kong

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A study of pregnant women's knowledge of HIV transmission, perceived risk & acceptability of antenatal HIV screening in Hong Kong

 

Author: Ho, Choi-fung
Title: A study of pregnant women's knowledge of HIV transmission, perceived risk & acceptability of antenatal HIV screening in Hong Kong
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2001
Subject: Pregnant women -- China -- Hong Kong
HIV infections -- China -- Hong Kong
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Multi-disciplinary Studies
Dept. of Nursing and Health Sciences
Pages: ix, 102 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1602846
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/2987
Abstract: Background & Aims Implementation of antenatal HIV screening is the most effective means on preventing mother-to-child (MTC) HIV infection of children. If antenatal HIV screening is to be provided, the acceptability and type of screening test that the women preferred should be identified. This study aims to obtain better understanding of pregnant women's preference on antenatal HIV screening, so as to provide information for policy makers on antenatal HIV screening of Hong Kong. Setting The study is conducted in the antenatal clinic of a major regional hospital in five antenatal sessions during mid-December 2000. Participants A total of 191 pregnant women have been recruited successfully and the response rate of this study is 61%. Methods This is a cross-sectional study. A self-administered questionnaire is developed and convenient sampling method is used. Results Women's general HIV/AIDS knowledge is better than their knowledge on MTC HIV transmission. There are 36.7% women perceived having risk on HIV. The acceptability of antenatal HIV screening amongst pregnant women is 77%. There are 41% of women preferred to have universal mandatory antenatal HIV screening while 39% preferred universal test with prior consent. The major reasons for taking the screening are for the well being of the expected baby (76.9%) and women themselves (63.3%). In contrast, the major reasons for refusing the test are the women who have only one stable sexual partner and was believed to be trustworthy (64.3%) as well as women who believed HIV just do not concern them (51.7%). Pregnant women appears quite positive when facing HIV infection, 70% of them would advise their pregnant girl friend to take the HIV screening together with the spouse whom is suspected to be HIV infected, and would encourage this friend to seek medical advice (90%) if she is found to be HIV infected. Conclusion Providing universal antenatal HIV screening with prior consent in public antenatal clinics is the most acceptable type of HIV screening amongst Hong Kong pregnant women. Health education programme is needed to increase women's knowledge on mother-to-child HIV infection and awareness on practicing safer sex.

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