Validation of the Hong Kong developmental assessment checklist : fine motor scale (HKDAC-FM) for 2 and 3 years old children : a preliminary study

Pao Yue-kong Library Electronic Theses Database

Validation of the Hong Kong developmental assessment checklist : fine motor scale (HKDAC-FM) for 2 and 3 years old children : a preliminary study

 

Author: Lee, Shuk-ching Clara
Title: Validation of the Hong Kong developmental assessment checklist : fine motor scale (HKDAC-FM) for 2 and 3 years old children : a preliminary study
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2003
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Motor ability in children -- Testing
Department: Multi-disciplinary Studies
Dept. of Rehabilitation Sciences
Pages: xi, 82 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1714743
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/3011
Abstract: Fine motor skills are essential for child development. There are some factors affect child's fine motor development, social factor is one of them. Hong Kong children begin schooling earlier than their peers in elsewhere, this social phenomenon causes Hong Kong children develop some fine motor skills earlier than foreign children. Children with impaired fine motor skill will be assessed by occupational therapist with a standardized tool. Hong Kong Developmental Assessment Checklist is a tool derived by local therapist to assess the development of the fine motor skills of Hong Kong children. The study on the HKDAC found that it was a valid and reliable tool to assess the fine motor skill of Hong Kong toddlers. Hence, the researcher would like to investigate the feasibility of applying the HKDAC on 2 and 3 years old children and to study the clinical use of it in the clinical setting. Forty one children were recruited in this study. After confirming the validity and reliability of the tool as the first step, the clinical use was studied. Expert Review and Item by Item Analysis were used to investigate the content validity. The scores obtained from the HKDAC were correlated to the Peabody Developmental Motor Scale in order to see the concurrent validity. The performances of children were rated by 3 raters and assessed twice with the HKDAC in order to conduct the inter-rater and test-retest reliability. The internal reliability was also analyzed before comparing the mean scores of the children with and without fine motor delay in the discriminative validity study. Results of this study showed that the content validity was good and it correlated well with the PDMS in the younger groups of children. HKDAC was reliable in repeated measure and its internal consistency was good too. It could be used to differentiate children with and without fine motor delay in the clinical setting. The findings of this study showed that HKDAC is a standardized tool which local therapists can use it to reflect the 'true' abilities and needs of our children. Besides, it can be the foundation to establish a local norm of Hong Kong Children's development.

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