Using texture analysis on biometric technology for personal identification

Pao Yue-kong Library Electronic Theses Database

Using texture analysis on biometric technology for personal identification

 

Author: Kong, Wai-kin Adams
Title: Using texture analysis on biometric technology for personal identification
Degree: M.Phil.
Year: 2002
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Biometric identification
Identification -- Automation
Pattern recognition systems
Department: Dept. of Computing
Pages: vi, 108 p. : ill. ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1637838
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/306
Abstract: Using texture analysis as a tool to extract biometric features for personal identification is the main goal of this thesis. In this study, three biometrics, the iris, paimprint and ear are investigated. Each of them shows a different level of achievement. As far as iris recognition is concerned, we propose a new noise detection model for accurate segmentation of an iris. Eyelashes, the eyelids and reflection are the three main sources of noise. The eyelid issue has been solved by the traditional eye model; however, eyelashes and reflection have yet to be addressed. To determinate a pixel belonging to an eyelash, our model follows three criteria: 1) separable eyelash condition, 2) non-informative condition and 3) connective criterion. For reflection, strong reflection points are detected by a threshold and the weak reflection areas around the strong points are determined by a connective criterion and a statistical test. Using Boles's [47-49] texture-based iris recognition approach to evaluate the accuracy and usefulness of our detection model, we find the experimental results encouraging. For palmprint identification, we develop a novel textured feature extraction technique, in which a 2-D Gabor filter is used to obtain the texture information and two palmprint images are compared by their hamming distance. The experiments give impressive results and show that our method is effective and comparable with fingerprint (FingerCode), iris (IrisCode) and 3-D hand geometry. For ear recognition, we consider two issues: 1) image acquisition and 2) textured feature extraction technique. We have developed a special device for image acquisition. We also propose a novel feature extraction for ear recognition that measures two ear features by a simple vector norm. The experimental results show that ear recognition can provide middle level security.

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