A study on job satisfaction, and its relationship with the constructive-developmental stages of ASWO rank social workers in children and youth centre services in Hong Kong

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A study on job satisfaction, and its relationship with the constructive-developmental stages of ASWO rank social workers in children and youth centre services in Hong Kong

 

Author: Tang, Yee-cho
Title: A study on job satisfaction, and its relationship with the constructive-developmental stages of ASWO rank social workers in children and youth centre services in Hong Kong
Degree: M.A.
Year: 1996
Subject: Social workers -- China -- Hong Kong
Social work administration -- China -- Hong Kong
Job satisfaction
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Dept. of Applied Social Studies
Pages: iv, 99 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1230715
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/3402
Abstract: Purpose and objectives of study 1. This study focuses to find out the job satisfaction and job motivation factors of social workers at ASWO rank ( hereafter termed centre-in-charges ) of children and youth centre services by means of testing the assumption that there is a certain core sets of inherently motivational characteristics ( i.e., a fixed set of task dimensions) which, if present in one's work, can lead to greater job satisfaction. This study also explores the possibility that associations existed between specific core task dimensions and particular individual constructive-developmental stages. 2. Three questions are explored in this study -- (i) are there certain core dimensions of work which are more closely associated with job satisfaction than the others? (ii) are there certain core dimensions of work which are more closely associated with job motivation than the others? (iii) is there any relationship between an individual's level of ego development (constructive-development levels) and his or her perception of job satisfaction. 3. Results found may be useful in telling information about the expectancy in job characteristics of the centre-in-charges of children and youth centre services, which may give hints for the organization decision makers in designing job contents for their centre-in-charges of children and youth centre services. Methodology 1. Data was collected by mailed force-choice questionnaire method. 240 questionnaires were sent to 240 centre-in-charges of children and youth centres. This size covered the whole target population of the research. 2. Totally 106 valid cases were analyzed. Relevant statistical procedure ( e.g., pearson's r, t-test) were employed to answer the three research questions. Relationship between demographic variables and both job satisfaction and developmental stage levels were also studied. Major Findings 1. The work dimensions Moral value and Responsibility are more closely associated with job satisfaction than other work dimensions as perceived by centre-in-charges of children and youth centre services. Organization policies and practices and Supervisions are considered as least closely associated with job satisfaction than other work dimensions as perceived by centre-in-charges of children and youth centre services. 2. The work dimension Achievement and Ability utilization are more closely associated with job motivation than other dimensions as perceived by centre-in-charges of children and youth centre services. 3. Results of the data analysis also reveal statistically significant correlation between developmental stage level and three core dimensions : Supervision-human relation(R), Creativity(I), and Recognition(R). (where (R) represents in real situation, (I) represents in ideal situation) 4. Among the nine demographic variables, only agency size and agency service variety have significant relationship with the developmental stage. The growth and development of an individual/employee may ultimately, to certain extent, depend on the growth and development of organization life. 5. Almost all centre-in-charges of children and youth centre services are in stage 3 (interpersonal) and stage 4. (interinstitutional) balance of ego development. Intrinsic job factors are positively correlated with individual's developmental stage levels, that is, subjects with higher stage levels tend to score high in intrinsic work dimensions. Conclusion 1. Identification of positively significant job satisfaction and job motivation factors is useful for appropriately job design which can and do lead to benefits for individual and for organization as the results of improved quality of work life and improved quality of work output respectively. 2. Intrinsic job factors are more important and significant in generating job satisfaction in centre-in-charges of children and youth centre services than extrinsic. 3. Also, intrinsic job factors are more effective in work motivating in centre-in-charges of children and youth centre services. They are positively correlated with the level of job satisfaction. 4. Intrinsic job factors have more significant effect on centre-in-charges of children and youth centre services as they are mostly in higher constructive-developmental stage balance. 5. There is no tailor-made measuring scale for individual's ego development levels. The 12 item-question set developed for this purpose in the study needs further refinement. Further research integrating constructive-developmental theory with assessment tools is recommended.

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