Development and evaluation of a prototype personal air supply system

Pao Yue-kong Library Electronic Theses Database

Development and evaluation of a prototype personal air supply system

 

Author: Ma, Lai-yung
Title: Development and evaluation of a prototype personal air supply system
Degree: M.Eng.
Year: 2005
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Air -- Purification
Ventilation
Air conditioning
Indoor air pollution
Air quality management
Department: Dept. of Building Services Engineering
Pages: xiii, 143 leaves : ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1810024
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/3406
Abstract: Personal Air Supply (PAS) system aims to provide clean air to the breathing zone of the occupants. Its performance depends to a large extent on the supply air temperature and flow rate. In this study, a prototype PAS system was developed with the Air Terminal Device (ATD) located at the occupant's chin position. A thermal manikin was used to simulate a human being. A total of eighteen experimental conditions at room air temperature of 22 C and PAS temperature of 15 C, 18 C and 22 C were performed. The flow rate of PAS was changed from 0.4 L/s to 2.5 L/s. Tracer gas was used to identify the amount of personalized air inhaled by the manikin. Two indices, pollutant exposure reduction effectiveness and fresh air utilization efficiency were used to assess the performance of the system in regard to quality of the air inhaled by the manikin and system efficiency respectively. The pollutant exposure reduction effectiveness increased with the increase of the PAS flow rate. A further increase of the flow rate appeared to have slightly effect on the effectiveness. 77 % effectiveness was achieved at PAS flow rate of 2.5 L/s under isothermal condition. In contrast, the fresh air utilization efficiency decreased with the increase of the PAS flow rate. The maximum efficiency of 14.6 % was obtained at PAS flow rate at 0.4 L/s also under isothermal condition. In additional to the physical measurement, subjective survey was conducted to assess the human responses on the conditions created by this PAS system. 12 human subjects participated in the survey. Perceived air quality, irritation feelings, thermal sensation, thermal acceptability, and air temperature as well as air flow rate preferences were studied under the eighteen experimental conditions. Significant improvement in the perceived air quality was obtained when PAS system was operated, compared to the case with mixing ventilation alone. Both the experiment and survey results suggested that the PAS system had a better performance under isothermal condition. High PAS flow rate can ensure larger amount of personalized air in the inhalation as proved in the experiment, however, the survey results indicate that at such a high flow rate, draught discomfort was experienced by the subjects. The optimum condition would be at 0.8 L/s and 1.2 L/s under isothermal condition, in which the air quality and thermal environment perceived are the most acceptable. Subjects' thermal sensation is much closer to neutral and nearly no irritation feeling is reported. The percentages preferring to change the environment, including air movement, ambient and PAS temperatures are significantly lower. Compared with the mixing ventilation alone, it was found that the additional installation of the PAS system improved the perceived air quality and thermal sensation to a large extent at a particular condition.

Files in this item

Files Size Format
b18100247.pdf 10.38Mb PDF
Copyright Undertaking
As a bona fide Library user, I declare that:
  1. I will abide by the rules and legal ordinances governing copyright regarding the use of the Database.
  2. I will use the Database for the purpose of my research or private study only and not for circulation or further reproduction or any other purpose.
  3. I agree to indemnify and hold the University harmless from and against any loss, damage, cost, liability or expenses arising from copyright infringement or unauthorized usage.
By downloading any item(s) listed above, you acknowledge that you have read and understood the copyright undertaking as stated above, and agree to be bound by all of its terms.

     

Quick Search

Browse

More Information