The effects of educational intervention on cardiac rehabilitation patients

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The effects of educational intervention on cardiac rehabilitation patients


Author: Leung, Siu-kum
Title: The effects of educational intervention on cardiac rehabilitation patients
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2000
Subject: Coronary heart disease -- Patients -- Rehabilitation
Patient education
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Multi-disciplinary Studies
Dept. of Nursing and Health Sciences
Pages: vi, 96, [19] leaves ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record:
Abstract: It is necessary for the coronary heart disease patient to know and understand before he/she complies with the treatment plan and takes up the self-care responsibility for preventing further heart damage. Nurses need to teach and patients need to learn, thus patient education forms an important element in the cardiac rehabilitation service as a secondary/tertiary preventive measure. Patient education may reduce the health care costs, re-admission rate, improve quality of care, and empower our patients with knowledge and choices. How can we ensure that our patients get the information they need, and prove it helped? Demonstrating the knowledge gained from instruction by nurses is one measure of effectiveness. However, no research currently exists in our local context to tell how effective nurses are in giving education to the cardiac rehabilitation patients. The purpose of this randomized controlled study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the educational intervention in the cardiac rehabilitation program in Tung Wah Hospital by using a modified cardiac knowledge inventory. Patients enrolled into either an active-educational (intervention) or a conventional medical therapy (control) group and examined for an identical pre and post-test at the beginning and end of phase II rehabilitation program. The post-test results demonstrated both groups had significant knowledge gained, however, intervention group did achieve better scoring on the specific questions concerning coronary heart disease and more of them achieved a score of> 80% than the control group. Those were still the working age group seemed to learn better in the intervention group. The most appropriate way of delivering cardiac-related knowledge was through the proper way of learning process of the educational program. For the evaluation of the program, intervention group subjects all expressed that exercise and educational components of the rehabilitation program were especially helpful to them. They also highly appreciated for the support from the rehabilitation team, especially physician and nurses, throughout the program. The information obtained from this study enable us to better understand the existing service and may contribute to its further success in the coming future.

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