The impact of downsizing on organizational commitment for merchandisers in garment trading companies

Pao Yue-kong Library Electronic Theses Database

The impact of downsizing on organizational commitment for merchandisers in garment trading companies


Author: Wong, Tin-lok
Title: The impact of downsizing on organizational commitment for merchandisers in garment trading companies
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 1997
Subject: Clothing trade -- China -- Hong Kong -- Employees
Downsizing of organizations -- China -- Hong Kong
Commitment (Psychology)
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Multi-disciplinary Studies
Pages: vi, 57, [28] leaves : ill. ; 30 cm
Language: English
Abstract: The demand for garment was slackened during the year 1994 to 1996. Companies have to struggle in order to survive. Some companies attempted to reduce their operating cost by using suppliers from other countries while others chose downsizing. This study was conducted to examine the impact of downsizing on organizational commitment and its antecedent factors among the surviving merchandisers in garment trading companies. It was found that for most merchandising companies, organizational commitment and job satisfaction of employees were decreased significantly after downsizing. Study of the changes in the antecedent factors of commitment revealed that goal difficulty and negative group attitude of employees were increased while goal clarity, management receptiveness, organizational dependability, equity and commitment norms were decreased. Even many antecedent factors have changed after downsizing, not all of them affect organizational commitment to the same extent. The current research attempts to find out what antecedent factors contribute significantly to change employee's commitment. It was found that role clarity, equity, personal importance and management receptiveness are important determinants of commitment after downsizing. By manipulating these variables, it should be possible for managers to restore employees' commitment. Although the research is not a longitudinal study, the results do help us to understand why commitment was affected and showed that most companies are unable to achieve desired cost reduction through downsizing mainly due to insufficient consideration being given to the 'people factor'. The research extents our knowledge of downsizing and its effect on organizational commitment.

Files in this item

Files Size Format
b14036149.pdf 2.765Mb PDF
Copyright Undertaking
As a bona fide Library user, I declare that:
  1. I will abide by the rules and legal ordinances governing copyright regarding the use of the Database.
  2. I will use the Database for the purpose of my research or private study only and not for circulation or further reproduction or any other purpose.
  3. I agree to indemnify and hold the University harmless from and against any loss, damage, cost, liability or expenses arising from copyright infringement or unauthorized usage.
By downloading any item(s) listed above, you acknowledge that you have read and understood the copyright undertaking as stated above, and agree to be bound by all of its terms.


Quick Search


More Information