The impact of multiple role juggling on affect among public health nurses as working mothers using experience sampling methodology

Pao Yue-kong Library Electronic Theses Database

The impact of multiple role juggling on affect among public health nurses as working mothers using experience sampling methodology

 

Author: Shiu, Tak-Ying Ann
Title: The impact of multiple role juggling on affect among public health nurses as working mothers using experience sampling methodology
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 1996
Subject: Public health nurses
Role conflict
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Multi-disciplinary Studies
Pages: vii, 144 p. : ill. ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1234961
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/3595
Abstract: This is the first empirical research to study the impact of multiple role juggling on affect among public health nurses (PHNs) as working mothers using experience sampling methodology. A review of research in multiple role juggling found that this was the first study with nurses as working mothers. Twenty PHNs were recruited as sample. They wore a watch that beeped at six random times each day for seven days as signals to complete an experience sampling diary. PHNs on average responded to 34 signals (80%) and experience sampling diaries. Out of all the experiences captured, 48% were juggling tasks. Out of all juggling tasks, 28% were inter-role juggling and 4% were work and family juggling which was a small amount as compared to previous studies with working mothers of other occupations. Unwritten institutional expectation as well as a strong organisational culture of accepting authority might be the reason. Results confirmed that role juggling induced lower positive affect and higher negative affect on PHNs. Results also revealed NOs as having an overall flat affect. Remaining calm and detached as defensive techniques against occupational stress might be the explanation. The research found that the effect of children's age on mothers' affect was inconsistent with current studies. PHNs with pre-school age children, despite having more juggling tasks, enjoyed higher positive affect than those with school age children. It was suggested that the prevalence of live in domestic helpers relieved the emotional stress of working mothers with pre-school age children but were not able to take the place of parental guidance and attention that school age children required. The "sense of coherence" demonstrated moderating effects on PHNs' reactions to juggling occasions. These results together with perceptions with control, goal progress and pressure to finish tasks had implications for health services management. Theoretical implications for future research were also discussed.

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