Balance function of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

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Balance function of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)

 

Author: Shum, Bo-man Selina
Title: Balance function of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2009
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations.
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder -- Treatment.
Attention-deficit-disordered children -- Behavior modification.
Hyperactive children -- Behavior modification.
Department: Dept. of Rehabilitation Sciences
Pages: x, 75 leaves ; 30 cm.
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b2276468
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/3662
Abstract: The objectives of this study were: (1) to compare the balance function of Attention Deficit Hyperacrivity Disorder (ADHD) children with a age/sex matched control group, and (2) to determine how different sensory systems contribute to balance control in children with ADHD, and (3) to determine the correlation between the results from the sensory organization test (SOT) and those from Movement Assessment Battery for children (Movement ABC) and development coordination disorder questionnaire (DCDQ). A total of 43 children (15 females and 28 males) with ADHD and 46 typically developing control children (17females and 29 males), matched by age and gender, participated in this study. Each subject underwent an assessment including the Sensory Organization Test (SOT), Movement Assessment Battery for Children (Movement ABC) and Development Coordination Disorder Questionnaire(DCDQ). Two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to determine whether there was a significant (1) overall effect of condition (ADHD Vs control), (2) overall effect of gender, (3) interaction between condition (ADHD Vs control) and gender (boys Vs girls), in all variables of interest (i.e. SOT-derived composite score and sensory ratios, Movement ABC score, DCDQ score). The result revealed a significant difference between the ADHD group and the control group in Movement ABC-derived impairment scores for both ball skills (F1,85=10.018, p=0.002) and balance (F1,85=5.558, p=0.021), DCDQ score (F1,85=57.549, p<0.001), SOT-derived score for condition 2 (F1,85=4.480, p=0.037), condition 4 (F1,85=12.131, p<0.001), condition 6 (1,85=5.562, p=0.020), and composite balance score (F1,85=13.302, p<0.001). In addition, the somatosensory ratio (F1,85=4.962, p=0.029), and visual ratio (F1,85=l 2.208, p=0.001) also showed significant betwcen-group difference. There was no significant gender effect in all of the variables listed (p>0.200). Moreover, no significant group x gender interaction was observed in any of the variables (p>0.100), indicating that ADHD affected both boys and girls similarly.

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