'Police inspectors' union commitment : a Hong Kong case'

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'Police inspectors' union commitment : a Hong Kong case'

 

Author: Lee, Kwok-chung Jerry
Title: 'Police inspectors' union commitment : a Hong Kong case'
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 1998
Subject: Hong Kong Police
Police -- China -- Hong Kong
Labor unions -- China -- Hong Kong
Civil service -- China -- Hong Kong
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Multi-disciplinary Studies
Dept. of Management
Pages: iv, 53, [23] leaves : ill. ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1446571
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/3957
Abstract: The Local Inspectors' Association (LIA) of the Hong Kong Police Force was formed in 1957 and this project is the first academic study on members' commitment to the LIA. In this research, a 20-item version of the Commitment to the Union Scale developed by Gordon, Philpot, Burt, Thompson and Spiller (1980) and refined by Fullagar (1986) with some adaptations was administered to both members and non-members of the LIA. Using a confirmatory factor analysis technique, five orthogonal factors were extracted. It is of interest to note that these five factors namely: 'Loyalty to the LIA', 'Belief in Unionism', 'Willingness to Work for the LIA', 'Union Instrumentality' and 'Loyalty to Work' were initially developed by Fullagar in 1986. Therefore, the findings of this project have proved the external validity of the Commitment to Union Scale as measurement criteria to the Staff Association in the Hong Kong Police Force. It has verified that the personal characteristic of age (introduced by Caplow & McGee in 1958) is proved to be related to 'Belief in Unionism', 'Willingness to Work for the LIA' and 'Union Instrumentality. Moreover, the personal characteristic of sex (introduced by Gordon in 1980) is proved to be related to 'Willingness to Work for the LIA' and the unequivocal finding is that male members are more willing to work for the association. The attitude of LIA members on the association was assessed by performing hypotheses testing on some of the items in the questionnaire. It is found that LIA members have confidence and trust to the Executive Committee and are generally satisfied with the performance of the LIA. However, there is slight reluctance of members to serve as a member of the Executive Committee of the LIA. One of the major concerns uncovered is that the Values of the LIA members is different from the association. Apart from the findings that have been discussed at the previous researches, the following results are drawing from the study of this project. First of all, married members (marital status) are proved to have stronger commitment on the factors of 'Loyalty to the LIA', 'Belief in Unionism' and 'Union Instrumentality'. Second, senior inspectors (rank) are proved to be stronger believers in the factors of 'Belief in Unionism', 'Union Instrumentality' and 'Loyalty to Work'. Third, the study further evinced that 'Force Entry Inspectors' (method of appointment) have stronger commitment on the factors of 'Belief in Unionism' and 'Willingness to Work for the LIA. The Chairman of the LIA has expressed the intention to apply the findings of this project to increase the membership in the LIA. In this connection, the following recommendations are thrashed out for the LIA's consideration: - (a) The loyalty of married members to the LIA is higher than those unmarried and therefore more initiatives should be taken to recruit and retain non-married inspectors; (b) Senior Inspectors tend to believe in unionism and union instrumentality, actions should be taken to foster the belief in unionism on the Inspectors and Chief Inspectors Cadres to enhance their commitment to the LIA; (c) A set of commonly consented LIA Values should be formulated though thorough consultation with its members to secure commitment; (d) The communication between Executive Committee and LIA members should be enhanced; and (e) The LIA constitutions should be amended to relax the criteria for joining the association. Finally, this survey was only a cross sectional study. It was recommended that a longitudinal study over a period of one year, with pre-test and post-test questionnaires completed by the respondents, looking for the causes of union commitment should be further pursued.

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