Ex-mental patients' motivation to participation in psychiatric rehabilitation programs

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Ex-mental patients' motivation to participation in psychiatric rehabilitation programs


Author: Yam, Mun-ho
Title: Ex-mental patients' motivation to participation in psychiatric rehabilitation programs
Degree: M.A.
Year: 1996
Subject: Ex-mental patients -- Rehabilitation -- China -- Hong Kong
Mentally ill -- Rehabilitation -- China -- Hong Kong
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Dept. of Applied Social Studies
Pages: vi, 107, 16 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1230716
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/4178
Abstract: Owing to psychiatric disabilities and social hindrances, mental patients encounter a lot of difficulties in the process of re-integration into the community. Psychiatric rehabilitation is provided to facilitate them to adjust to the social environment and manage independent living. Understanding the factors affecting patients' motivation to participate in rehabilitation is thus important. Borrowing concepts from the Social Learning Theory, a theoretical framework was worked out. It is posited that social support, self-efficacy and locus of control may affect patients' motivation in psychiatric rehabilitation. This study aims at : (i) exploring the relationships among social support, self-efficacy, locus of control and motivation to participate in psychiatric rehabilitation. (ii) finding out some appropriate interventions to boost mental patients' motivation to participate in psychiatric rehabilitation. Data were collected from questionnaires completed by 97 ex-mental patients, 71 male and 26 female, residing in 12 halfway houses. The questionnaire is subdivided into five parts: (i) Background Information; (ii) Social Support Scale; (iii) Self-image Scale; (iv) Scale on Attributional style; and (v) Scale on Participation Level in Activities Related to Psychiatric Rehabilitation. The results indicate that the average social support accessible to participating residents was quite low, but they could maintain their self-image at a fairly high level. Majority of residents tended to attribute the causes of positive and negative events equally to personal and external factors. Most of them were quite active to participate in activities positively related to psychiatric activities (positive activities), while their participation level in activities negatively related to psychiatric rehabilitation (negative activities) was in general rather low. This suggested that they have good motivation for psychiatric rehabilitation. The level of participation in positive activities was found to have a moderately positive correlation with both social support and self-image. Also, social support was weakly but positively correlated with self-image. Further analysis indicated that patients' perceived social support was more influential in their participation level in positive activities than objective social support. On the other hand, participation level in activities related to independent living has very weak or insignificant correlations with social support and self-image..

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