Lifestyle-related risk factors of coronary artery disease in Hong Kong Chinese : a case control study

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Lifestyle-related risk factors of coronary artery disease in Hong Kong Chinese : a case control study


Author: Chan, Kit-nga
Title: Lifestyle-related risk factors of coronary artery disease in Hong Kong Chinese : a case control study
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2001
Subject: Coronary heart disease -- China -- Hong Kong -- Case studies
Lifestyles -- China -- Hong Kong -- Case studies
Chinese -- China -- Hong Kong -- Case studies
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Multi-disciplinary Studies
Dept. of Nursing and Health Sciences
Pages: 114, 7 leaves ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record:
Abstract: This study aimed to identify the lifestyle-related risk factors of coronary artery disease among Hong Kong Chinese. There were 147 patients scheduled to have coronary angiogram in a regional hospital and 145 of them participated in this study. Subjects were invited to complete the structured questionnaire of self-reported cardiovascular symptom, family history of cardiovascular related disease, and lifestyle pattern, including dietary, smoking and alcohol drinking habit before the coronary angiogram. Medial history, laboratory results on lipid profile and fasting blood glucose were retrieved from medical records. Body weight, body height, waist and hip circumference, blood pressure are measured by researcher before the coronary angiogram. Coronary angiogram result was retrieved from coronary angiogram reports after the procedure. Results showed that current smoking (OR=1.72), previous diagnosed of cardiovascular disease (OR=1.88), high family income (OR=1.92), increased waist-hip ratio (OR=4.8l) and consumption of fat more than 28 teaspoon per week (OR=42.36) are independent risk factors for coronary artery disease after adjusting for age, marital status, diagnosis of diabetes mellitus, consumption of fruit and vegetable, consumption of soy bean, soycurd and soymilk. Consumption of fish more than 1120 gram (28 teal) per week (OR=0.07) and soybean (OR=0.17) are found to have beneficial effect in preventing coronary artery disease. Moreover, people with lower educational level (OR=0.51) are more vulnerable to have coronary artery disease. The results provide nurses with information to delineate and develop appropriate health education program for patients or general public to promote cardiovascular health.

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