Enhancing the competitive advantage of the container terminal through reengineering the logistics flow

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Enhancing the competitive advantage of the container terminal through reengineering the logistics flow

 

Author: Cheung, Wai-leung Raymond
Title: Enhancing the competitive advantage of the container terminal through reengineering the logistics flow
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2005
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Business logistics -- Management
Reengineering (Management)
Containerization
Department: Dept. of Industrial and Systems Engineering
Pages: xv, 137 leaves : ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1813840
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/4465
Abstract: Booming at about 8% annually, the container traffic dominates sea transportation for next decade or longer. Economy of scale has driven the trend of mega vessels so that ports will need to achieve vessel operating rate above 180 mph with limited port time less than 24 hours, and provide facilities to handle high container flows, twin-lifting and storage requirements. The mega vessel will have a significant impact on the pattern of vessel calls at deep-sea container ports by leading to a further concentration in port calls and a concomitant increase in transshipment. Being more competitive, the major transshipment hubs will need to provide efficient container terminal services, direct deep-sea access, berth depths of at least 15 metres, access channels of around 16 metres on an acceptable tidal window and good hinterland connections. As the competition among the Pearl River Delta (PRD) ports and strategic alliances of Shipping Liners, the Hong Kong container terminals have improved their productivity to secure the strategic position of Hong Kong Port in the South China Region and provided efficient container terminal services. They should provide speed-up or economic modes of operations which are flexible & tailor made system to meet customers' need. It is dynamic to manage the Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) and optimize the operations balancing performance & cost control by Operations Resource Planning methods. Terminal activities were defined in a Generic Model, which was specific to individual terminal and developed into some sub-models for their simulation, modification and application of strategies. Due to limited land space in Kwai Chung Terminals, container operations are frequently in an environment of high yard density. Achieving the KPIs, the gap between the current state and the goal state was identified for improvement. In the traditional concept, the sequence of stacking containers will be the reverted way of loading containers from yard side to ship side. The container stacking is based on the port of discharge (POD), owners, size, service of trade, weight classes and other attributes but it will consume more grounding slot or land to store boxes with many broken stowage. It was replaced by the Random Stacking Tactic (RST) more favorable during high yard density. With the new method of RST introduced in this project, the terminal can increase its capacity for 20% or more while the dwell time, stacking height and grounding slots remained unchanged. In the suggested approach, the Terminal Improvement Model (TIM) simulates the processes with in the terminal domains or modules by mapping the objects and resources. Outsourcing for many years, it is necessary to develop a Vendor Managed Service (VMS) concept so that a contractor management system is necessary. The efficient services involved productivity improvement and the way of resource deployment to cope with predicted workload and constraints by Operations Resources Planning. The industrial operations scheduling has been applied into container handling to minimize the machine idle and eliminate bottleneck. Finally, the performance has been improved.

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