Validation of the Chinese translated personal wellbeing index with adolescents in Hong Kong

Pao Yue-kong Library Electronic Theses Database

Validation of the Chinese translated personal wellbeing index with adolescents in Hong Kong

 

Author: Wong, Ching-yee
Title: Validation of the Chinese translated personal wellbeing index with adolescents in Hong Kong
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2008
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations.
Teenagers -- Health and hygiene -- China -- Hong Kong.
Well-being -- China -- Hong Kong -- Evaluation.
Quality of life -- China -- Hong Kong -- Evaluation.
Department: Dept. of Rehabilitation Sciences
Pages: vii, 65 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b2302504
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/4657
Abstract: The Personal Wellbeing Index is a measure of subjective wellbeing (SWB). This instrument contains a parallel form designed for use with school-age children or adolescents, known as The Personal Wellbeing -School Children version (PWI-SC). The PWI-SC has been translated into Chinese language (Cantonese) but its application and psychometric performance with adolescents in Hong Kong have not been investigated. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to conduct a preliminary validation of the Chinese translated PWI-SC with this population through evaluating the psychometric properties of this instrument. An item of 'happiness with school-life' was also investigated to determine whether it should be added to the PWI-SC. A preliminary insight into the SWB of this population will also be achieved in the study, which will involve a comparison of the findings with pre-existing normative data available on younger school-age children and adults in Hong Kong. In the current study, a sample of 109 participants who were aged between 12 to 17, were recruited from a secondary school in Hong Kong using convenient sampling. They included representatives who were studying from forms one to six. Of the total sample, 42 students were randomly selected for determining the test-retest reliability of PWI-SC. A group survey method was employed in class which required each participant to self-complete a questionnaire containing items of the PWI-SC items and other personal particulars. The results indicated that the psychometric properties of the PWI-SC were good, which were also generally comparable to findings previously identified with younger children and, adults using the PWI. The domain of 'happiness with school-life' was found to contribute significantly to the psychometric performance of the scale. In conclusion, this study has found the Chinese-translated PWI-SC to be a culturally useful, sensitive, valid and reliable tool for measuring the SWB of adolescents in Hong Kong.

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