The effectiveness of an education programme for women in Hong Kong on preventing osteoporosis

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The effectiveness of an education programme for women in Hong Kong on preventing osteoporosis

 

Author: Ko, Chung-ying
Title: The effectiveness of an education programme for women in Hong Kong on preventing osteoporosis
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2005
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Osteoporosis in women -- China -- Hong Kong
Health education -- China -- Hong Kong
Patient education -- China -- Hong Kong
Department: School of Nursing
Pages: vii, 45, [42] leaves : ill. ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1813833
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/4658
Abstract: Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether a nurse-initiated education program on four specific osteoporosis-prevention related behaviors leads to their adoption or positive attitude changes compared with women that did not participate in this program. Research method: The design was a randomized controlled design and the setting was a local private beauty clinic. Subject: Seventy-six women who were the clients of the local private beauty clinic were recruited in this study. Outcome measures: Pre-, post- and follow-up education data compared attitudes and consumption frequency before, and after the education program. Results: The results showed significant increases in the reported follow-up for each behavior: consumption of soy foods (Mean=4.2, SD=0.6), milk (Mean=4.1, SD=0.7), increased exercise (Mean=4.1, SD=0.6) and vitamin D/sunlight (Mean=4.0, SD=0.8), for subjects in the case group compared to control group subjects (soy foods: Mean=3.3, SD=0.85, p<0.001; milk: Mean=3.3, SD=0.9, p<0.001; more exercise: Mean=3.5, SD=0.9, p=0.01; vitamin D/sunlight: Mean=2.9, SD=0.9, p<0.001). For case group, most of the subjects either disagreed (n=15, 39.0%) or strongly disagreed (n=23, 61.0%) that there was not enough information provided in the education program to motivate them to change. On the satisfaction score, they rated the nurse's performance either satisfactory or very satisfactory with regard her presentation skills and ability to answer their queries, as well as ability to clearly describe each behavior. Conclusion: A targeted education program conducted with Hong Kong women resulted in a significant increase in the consumption of soy-based foods and milk as well as the intake of vitamin D. According to the reported attitudinal and behavioral intentions, subjects' positive feedback suggested that women who participated in this educational program were motivated to make changes and benefited from the support of this nurse-initiated education program.

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