The tug of work and family : work interference with family and family interference with work

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The tug of work and family : work interference with family and family interference with work


Author: Fu, Ka-mun Carmen
Title: The tug of work and family : work interference with family and family interference with work
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 1999
Subject: Work and family -- China -- Hong Kong
Dual-career families -- China -- Hong Kong
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Multi-disciplinary Studies
Dept. of Management
Pages: xv, 160, [18] leaves : ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm
Language: English
Abstract: The discussion on work-family conflict has become front-page news in many societies in recent years. This study aims (a) to develop and test a model of the determinants of work-family conflict by considering the effects of family-specific variables on family interference with work (FIW) and the effects of work-specific variables on work interference with family (WIF); (b) to assess the moderating effects of domain-specific support (i.e. domestic support at home, social support at home, social support from immediate supervisor at work and social support from other people at work); (c) to evaluate the gender differences in the six dimensions of work-family conflict (i.e. time-based FIW, strain-based FIW, behaviour-based FIW, time-based WIF, strain-based WIF and behaviour-based WIF); and (d) to discuss the implications of the findings for managers and researchers. A quantitative approach was adopted in this study. A bi-lingual questionnaire was developed to test the proposed model. A total of 800 full-time academic, administrative and general grade staff members of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University were randomly selected to participate in the study. Completed surveys from 279 individuals were received, representing a response rate of 35%. Cronbach's alpha was utilized to test the internal reliability of the items of the scaled variables. Correlation coefficients and multiple regression were computed to analyze the data. Results of the study showed that family-specific variables as a block were significant predictors of time-based FIW while work-specific variables as a block significantly influenced all three forms of WIF. Social support from immediate supervisor at work to some extent affected the relationship between role conflict and two forms of WIF, strain-based and behaviour-based. Moreover, significant gender differences were found on time-based FIW, time-based WIF and behaviour-based WIF.

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