An exploratory study on factors affecting the acceptance on influenza vaccination among Chinese community-dwelling elderly in Hong Kong

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An exploratory study on factors affecting the acceptance on influenza vaccination among Chinese community-dwelling elderly in Hong Kong

 

Author: Lam, Oi-yi
Title: An exploratory study on factors affecting the acceptance on influenza vaccination among Chinese community-dwelling elderly in Hong Kong
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2006
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations.
Influenza -- Vaccination -- China -- Hong Kong.
Older people -- Health and hygiene -- China -- Hong Kong.
Influenza vaccines -- China -- Hong Kong.
Department: School of Nursing
Pages: ix, 111 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1973657
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/4731
Abstract: Influenza is a common infectious disease and its complications are associated with increased morbidity and mortality especially in older people. Vaccination is considered as the most cost-effective preventive measure to prevent influenza and its complications. The purposes of this study were to investigate the rate of influenza vaccination and explore the factors influencing the acceptance of influenza vaccine among the Chinese community-dwelling elderly in Hong Kong. By convenience sampling, two hundred and five subjects were recruited from five general out-patient clinics (GOPCs) in Kowloon East Cluster in Hong Kong. They were individually face-to-face interviewed with the use of structured questionnaire based on modified Health Belief Model. Sixty-four percent of the interviewed subjects had received an influenza vaccine in the past vaccination season. Demographic factors were not significantly associated with vaccination status, Perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers and interpersonal influence were showed to be independently associated with vaccination status. Older people's intention to receive influenza vaccine in coming vaccination season was significantly associated with vaccination status. Results of backward stepwise logistic regression analysis indicated that perceived benefits towards vaccination and interpersonal influence were significant positive predictors while perceived barriers towards vaccination was the significant negative predictor on the likelihood of receiving influenza vaccine among the Chinese elderly. The findings demonstrated future influenza vaccination promotion campaign should focus on emphasizing the benefits and effectiveness of the vaccine as well as minimizing the barriers. Health professionals, family and peers should take an active role to recommend the elderly to get vaccinated. Further studies involving random sample from different community settings or in prospective design are suggested.

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