The effectiveness of community occupational therapy service for people with intellectual disabilities

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The effectiveness of community occupational therapy service for people with intellectual disabilities

 

Author: Lai, Nga-lun Alan
Title: The effectiveness of community occupational therapy service for people with intellectual disabilities
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2007
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations.
People with mental disabilities -- Services for -- China -- Hong Kong.
Community health services -- China -- Hong Kong.
Occupational therapy -- China -- Hong Kong.
Department: Dept. of Rehabilitation Sciences
Pages: ix, 67 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b2232851
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/5014
Abstract: This study examined the effectiveness of community occupational therapy (COT) in improving the functional abilities and quality of life (QOL) of people with intellectual disabilities. A convenient sampling of 36 subjects (22 male and 14 female) with mean age 26 (SD=6.44) were recruited. The subjects were randomly allocated to an experimental and a control group. Subjects of the experimental group were assessed before and after the 12-week COT treatment program. The control group received delayed 12-week COT treatment program. Three standardized assessment instruments: the Functional Instrumental Measures, the Lawton Independence Activity of Daily Living Scale and the Hong Kong Chinese version World Health Organization Quality of Life Measure Abbreviated Version WHOQOL-BREF(HK) were used to measure treatment outcomes. The objectives of the 12-week COT Treatment were to provide training on activity of daily living, home management skills, community living skills and carer education based on the clients' need. The QOL status of caregivers of the experimental group showed higher satisfaction than that of the control group. These preliminary findings seemed to suggest that community occupational therapy service might have some value in improving in functional abilities of people with intellectual disabilities. Further investigation is needed to explore the efficacy of COT service for a larger sample of people with different levels of intellectual disabilities, so that result could be replicated and knowledge could be accumulated. The results demonstrated the efficacy of the program in promoting clients' functional abilities and quality of life.

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