The influence of parenting styles on the identity formation of Chinese adolescent girls in a secondary school

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The influence of parenting styles on the identity formation of Chinese adolescent girls in a secondary school


Author: Wong, Lai-fong Cecilia
Title: The influence of parenting styles on the identity formation of Chinese adolescent girls in a secondary school
Degree: M.A.
Year: 2001
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Parenting -- China -- Hong Kong
High school students -- China -- Hong Kong -- Attitudes
Teenage girls -- China -- Hong Kong
Department: Dept. of Applied Social Sciences
Pages: 94, [21] leaves : ill. ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record:
Abstract: 1. Objectives of the Study This is a quantitative research. Its aim is to understand the types of parenting styles as perceived by adolescents and to explore the influence of parenting styles on the formation of Chinese adolescent girls' self-identity. 2. Subjects It was recommended that these sampling could be located in a secondary school with the assistance of teachers. 135 girls from Form 2 were requested to fill in a self-administered questionnaire. 3. Instruments and Procedures The data collection process was conducted by the school social worker. The students were asked to fill in a self-administered questionnaire that consisted the following scales: a. Parenting Style The scale of parenting style, as perceived by adolescents, developed by Lamborn et al (1991), was used in this study. It is to classify the families of the respondents into one of four categories, namely Authoritative, Authoritarian, Indulgent and Neglectful. The 24-item scale was developed to approximate the acceptance / involvement and strictness / supervision dimensions on parenting practices suggested by Baumrind (1971) and Maccoby and Martin (1983). According to this scale, an overall satisfaction rating towards acceptance / involvement as well as strictness / supervision dimensions was added so as to enhance its general representativeness. b. Outcomes Variables Four sets of outcome variables were examined: academic, self-esteem, psychosocial maturity and sense of social responsibility. c. Findings These findings indicate that parenting styles most likely influence the adolescents give to the crises and commitments of identity formation. The findings emphasize that identity formation occurs within a supportive parenting, not in less supportive parenting. Adolescents with more supportive parenting report significantly better parent-child relationship, social relationship, self esteem, and less behaviour problems. Adolescent with more harsh parenting report significantly poorer parent-child relationship, behaviour problems, lower self esteem and lack of social responsibility. Findings in the present study are consistent with western and local comparable studies, through caution has to be made because of the differences in methodology. Local and western cultures show similar determinants of parenting and relationship between parenting styles and formation of self identity in cross- cultural similarities are preliminarily found also. However, according to my research findings, indulgent parenting styles would create adolescents with identity moratorium as sometimes identity achievement occurs smoothly, after a relatively brief crisis and often crisis and an efficient period of identity exploration. Moratorium adolescents reported their parents encourage independence and exert less control. The moratorium involves a protracted identity crisis, often entailing a painful period when all identity commitments are temporarily suspended and the individual feels lost and confused.

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