'One country, two systems' : the polices in Hong Kong and the Mainland, The People's Republic of China

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'One country, two systems' : the polices in Hong Kong and the Mainland, The People's Republic of China


Author: Lau, Wai-ming
Title: 'One country, two systems' : the polices in Hong Kong and the Mainland, The People's Republic of China
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 1999
Subject: Police -- China -- Hong Kong
Police -- China
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Multi-disciplinary Studies
Dept. of Management
Pages: vi, 152 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1489859
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/5121
Abstract: Hong Kong reunified with its motherland, The People's Republic of China (PRC) on 1.7.1997 after having been ruled under a colonial framework by the United Kingdom since 1841. With the implementation of 'One Country, Two Systems' model, Hong Kong has become a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of PRC and practises a different political system from the Mainland. Under the British regime, the Hong Kong Police Force (HKPF) was established using westernized policing concepts and model. Since the transition, HKPF has continued with its establishment and duties in the same way which has undergone very little changes from its colonial time. Under a communist political system, the policing functions are discharged by the Chinese police force headed by the Public Security Ministry (PSM) under the State Council in PRC. Given the obvious difference between the political systems in PRC and HKSAR, these two police forces are expected to be run differently although they co-exist in the same country. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to find out the differences between HKPF and the Chinese police force in policing with the scope set on their respective authorities and duties; command/organization structures; strategies and methods; and recruitment. Findings of this descriptively-designed and cross-sectional study support that there are some major differences in these two police organs. The authorities on which HKPF and the Chinese police force are formed and their respective duties are different. The Chinese police force has a rank and command structure which is different from HKPF. Policing strategies and operating methods in HKSAR and the Mainland differ. The procedures and criteria for recruitment of employees in these two policing organs are non-similar. Possible causes for such identified differences from the historical and political perspectives were discussed. Personal observations on the importance of PSM, the headquarters of the Chinese police force, the emergence of legal reform, recent changes in the Chinese police force and previous literature on PSM issues were also made. A number of further studies on the Mainland's police force concerning its command and coordination, developments for personnel as well as issues on accountability and discipline, has been suggested. Based on the findings of this research, it is concluded that HKPF and the Chinese police force are two different police forces which co-exist in China, under the 'One Country, Two Systems' model.

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