Predicting the employability of young adults with intellectual disabilities

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Predicting the employability of young adults with intellectual disabilities

 

Author: Kwan, Hoi-tin
Title: Predicting the employability of young adults with intellectual disabilities
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2007
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations.
People with mental disabilities -- Employment -- China -- Hong Kong -- Evaluation
Occupational training -- China -- Hong Kong -- Evaluation.
Department: Dept. of Rehabilitation Sciences
Pages: 77, [16] leaves : col. ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b2302513
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/5182
Abstract: In Hong Kong, vocational rehabilitation services are lack of reliable and valid assessment tools for identifying the employability of people with intellectual disabilities for job placements. Over the years, a group of occupational therapists has done comprehensive research to translate the Work Personality Profile and the Street Survival Skills Questionnaire into the Chinese Version and proved with good validity and reliability. This study adopted the Chinese version of the Work Personality Profile (CWPP) and the Chinese version of Street Survival Skills Questionnaire (CSSSQ) to predict the employability of people with intellectual disabilities. A convenience sample of 68 young adults (aged 18 -27, mean=20.2, SD=1.2) with mild intellectual disabilities was recruited from one integrated vocational training center. ANOVA and post-hoc multiple comparisons showed that the mean of CWPP sub-scores and CSSSQ total scores among the three post-training placements: open employment, supported employment and sheltered workshop were significantly different. Then, the stepwise discriminant analysis indicated that 79.4% of the participants were classified correctly by the discriminant function based on both CWPP sub-scores and CSSSQ total scores. The predictive accuracy of classifying in the three post-training placements are 85.7%, 73.9% and 70.0% respectively. The Task Orientation sub-score of the CWPP, and the total score of CSSSQ were the most important predictors of the participants' post-training placements. Both the CWPP and CSSSQ are reliable and valid instruments in identifying the employability of people with intellectual disability. In clinical implementation, the findings of cut-off score can be used to recommend the appropriate post-training placements for people with intellectual disability. Furthermore, this study can be used to assist the development of the short version of CSSSQ, it is more suitable for some short attention span clients. Findings of this study revealed that the basic work ability and adaptive behavior can predict the employability of persons with intellectual disabilities. The two instruments can be used to monitor the quality of vocational training programs for the enhancement of a person's employability.

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