Problem-solving appraisal, depression and self-rated health among Chinese migrant women in Hong Kong

Pao Yue-kong Library Electronic Theses Database

Problem-solving appraisal, depression and self-rated health among Chinese migrant women in Hong Kong

 

Author: Chan, Wing-chi
Title: Problem-solving appraisal, depression and self-rated health among Chinese migrant women in Hong Kong
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2008
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Women immigrants -- China -- Hong Kong -- Mental health
Department: School of Nursing
Pages: ix, 84 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b2232401
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/5386
Abstract: Background: Depression and poor self-rated health are important concerns in the growing number of local migrant women. Previous literatures suggested that positive problem-solving appraisal was associated with less depression and better self-rated health. However, not much is known about the self-perceived problem solving ability, and its relationship between depression status and self-rated condition among Chinese migrant women. With better understanding of the problem-solving appraisal level and its relationship with the health wellness, health care professionals can consider different interventions to promote the psychological health and general wellness of this disadvantaged group. Aim and objectives: The aim of the study is to explore the self-appraised problem solving ability, and its relationship with depression and self-rated health among Chinese migrant women. The study also examines the relationship between migrant women's demographic factors with depression status and problem solving appraisal. Design: Non-experimental correlation design Method: A convenience sample of sixty-eight local Chinese migrant women was invited in two community centers to complete a self-administered questionnaire. Results: The study showed migrant women were more prone to suffer from depression and their problem-solving appraisal was fairy similar to local citizens. Significant correlations were found between migrant women's self-appraised problem solving ability and lower level of depression (r=0.43) and better self-rated health (r=0.35). Among the subscales of the problem-solving inventory, perceived problem solving confidence demonstrated the strongest association with depression (r=0.52) and self-rated health (r=0.48). Furthermore, perceived problem-solving confidence was found to be a significant predictor for depression. Conclusion: Migrant women were more prone to suffer from depression. The study findings suggested that problem-solving appraisal, especially the perceived problem solving confidence, was associated with depression and self-rated health in this group. Health care professionals may consider interventions on building problem-solving confidence to promote the psychological and general wellness of migrants and different population groups.

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