Effectiveness of a structured perceptual-motor training program for children with fine motor and visual perceptual deficits

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Effectiveness of a structured perceptual-motor training program for children with fine motor and visual perceptual deficits

 

Author: Fung, Ka-yee
Title: Effectiveness of a structured perceptual-motor training program for children with fine motor and visual perceptual deficits
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2003
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Motor ability in children -- Programmed instruction
Eye-hand coordination -- Programmed instruction
Developmentally disabled children -- Rehabilitation
Department: Dept. of Rehabilitation Sciences
Pages: 83, [40] leaves : ill. (some col.) ; 30 cm.
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1772701
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/5420
Abstract: This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a structured perceptual-motor training (PM) program developed in Occupational Therapy Department of a hospital for children with fine motor and visual perceptual deficits. Nineteen children, including 14 boys and 5 girls aged 4 to 7 years old, were recruited into the program using a purposive sampling strategy. The subjects were allocated to an experimental and a waiting-list control group. Subjects were assessed before and after the 10-week treatment program. Three standardized assessment instruments, including the Peabody Developmental Fine Motor Scale (PDMS-FM), the Developmental Test of Visual Motor Integration (VMI), and measures of hand grip, were used to measure the treatment outcomes. The program adopted perceptual-motor approach. It included a weekly group training, followed by individual session and intensive home program. Parents or major caregivers were encouraged to participate in the structured group program and home program. Feedback from caretakers was also collected through a satisfaction questionnaire. Results showed that the experimental group achieved significant improvements in fine motor and visual perception skills after the intervention, when compared with the control group. It was further noted that the outcomes waiting-list control group also caught up with the outcomes of the experimental group, when they finished the program later on. Pearson correlation test was used to examine the correlation among the variables. Besides, it was found that over one-third of subjects could be discharged directly after the structured PM program. The results obtained were in favor of the efficacy of the program. The implications of practice and future work were discussed in the study.

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