The coping strategies employed by nurses to tackle poor sleep

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The coping strategies employed by nurses to tackle poor sleep

 

Author: Chan, So-fun
Title: The coping strategies employed by nurses to tackle poor sleep
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2005
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Sleep disorders
Nurses -- Health and hygiene
Shift systems -- Health aspects
Department: School of Nursing
Pages: xi, 126 leaves : col. ill. ; 30 cm.
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b1896935
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/5572
Abstract: Most of the Hong Kong nurses are usually rostered on 'fast rotating shifts'. Sleep disturbances are a well-known problem for shiftworkers. The aim of this study was to explore the coping strategies of registered nurses in Hong Kong suffering from poor sleep as a result of working on rotating shifts. The non-experimental and descriptive study approach was adopted and the study was divided into two stages, with the subjects in Stage I being involved in filling in demographic data and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). For Stage II, a sleep questionnaire was used to study the sleep habits, lifestyle and sleep history of the nurses suffering from poor sleep. A semi-structured interview was also conducted to further explore the coping strategies being employed by nurses to tackle poor sleep. There were 494 registered nurses participated in Stage I. 49% (n=242) of the nurses were good sleepers and 51% (n=252) of them were poor sleepers. 54.3% (n=214) of the poor sleepers were shiftworkers. Findings of this study showed significant correlation between gender (p=0.010), shift pattern (p = 0.004), marital status (p = 0.014), subjects having disease (p = 0.000) and sleep quality.
There were 17 subjects who were poor sleepers became eligible for Stage II. 12 subjects slept late at night habitually. 13 subjects usually woke up early in the morning. The mean sleeping hours of poor sleepers was 5.56 hours, with their sleep problems impacting their daily lives, health and job performances. 58.8% (n=10) of the subjects consumed caffeinated food to counter their fatigue in daytime. There were few or none poor sleep subjects using cigarettes and alcohol. Listening to music or radio and reading were the common coping strategies used by the subjects to tackle poor sleep. Most poor sleepers did not consider their poor sleep as a problem. Findings of the study indicated the need for identifying further strategies to tackle poor sleep. Good sleep habits are the most effective coping strategies for tackling poor sleep. Furthermore, findings have been well documented the undesirable effects of shiftwork on sleep.

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