Effects of mahjong playing on eye-hand coordination in older adults

Pao Yue-kong Library Electronic Theses Database

Effects of mahjong playing on eye-hand coordination in older adults


Author: Wong, Chi-ki
Title: Effects of mahjong playing on eye-hand coordination in older adults
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2010
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Older people -- Health and hygiene -- China -- Hong Kong
Eye-hand coordination
Mah jong -- Therapeutic use
Department: Dept. of Rehabilitation Sciences
Pages: x, 52 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm.
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b2353067
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/5668
Abstract: Eye-hand coordination is considered to be essential in our activities of daily living. With the advancing age, eye-hand coordination performance has a declining trend. In order to counteract degeneration, particular activities are found to improve in certain aspects of eye-hand coordination. Mahjong, originated from China, which involves lots of eye-hand coordination, was chosen to be studied. The effect of mahjong playing on fast finger-pointing task in older adults was investigated. Forty one community dwelling older adults aged 60 or above, were recruited by convenient sampling in this cross-sectional study. They were divided into mahjong playing and non-mahjong playing group. The subjects performed 2 fast finger-pointing tasks: 1) pointing toward a stationary visual target; and 2) pointing toward a moving visual target. Reaction time, movement time and end-point accuracy were measured. Outcome measures of tasks 1 was compared by using MANOVA and univarate tests and that of task 2 were compared by independent t-test. Results showed that older mahjong players have better end-point accuracy (P = 0.032) of their non-dominant hand in pointing toward a stationary visual target. They also demonstrated significantly faster movement (P = 0.042) of their dominant hands; shorter reaction time (P = 0.016) and better end-point accuracy (P = 0.035) of the non-dominant hand in locating a moving visual target. In conclusion, mahjong players have better performance in eye-hand coordination. As mahjong playing is commonly accepted in Chinese community and is a low-cost game, it could be introduced to older adults as a leisure time activity.

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