The development of a sensory integration intervention program for children with autism spectrum disorders

Pao Yue-kong Library Electronic Theses Database

The development of a sensory integration intervention program for children with autism spectrum disorders

 

Author: Chan, Mei-hing Karin
Title: The development of a sensory integration intervention program for children with autism spectrum disorders
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2009
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Autism in children -- Treatment.
Autistic children -- Treatment
Sensorimotor integration -- Therapeutic use
Department: Dept. of Rehabilitation Sciences
Pages: x, 97 leaves : ill. ; 31 cm.
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b2355006
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/5721
Abstract: This study aimed at developing a sensory integration (SI) intervention program for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in Hong Kong. It consisted of three phases. First, the Sensory Profile was used to generate a sensory dysfunction profile on twenty children diagnosed with ASD. In phase two, through expert panel review, the SI intervention program was developed based on the sensory dysfunction profile generated, the Dunn's Model of Sensory Processing and the SI intervention key features. Finally, a single-subject AB design was adopted in phase three to conduct a program trial on four participants to evaluate the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of the SI intervention program developed. The results from the sensory dysfunction profile indicated highest percentage of participants with definite difference on five sensory sections, namely "Vestibular processing" (65%), "Multisensory processing" (55%), "Sensory processing: endurance/tone" (65%), "Modulation: sensory input affecting emotional response and activity level" (55%), and "Behavioral outcomes of sensory processing" (40%). The SI intervention program developed was based on a conceptual framework and consisted of treatment activities with replicable procedures. For the program trial, comments from the assistants conducting the intervention reviewed the SI intervention program developed as feasible and easy to follow. All participants demonstrated improvement in maladaptive behaviors, for example, decreased in distractibility, stereotyping and self-stimulatory behaviors. Useful evaluations (e.g. group size and physical environment) were generated from the program trial to further modify the SI intervention program. The present study was a preliminary attempt to develop a SI intervention program based on careful clinical reasoning by linking sensory processing dysfunction to intervention. Further research with larger sample size is recommended to evaluate its effectiveness in more detail.

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