Development of a brief for toilet provision in performing arts venues in Hong Kong

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Development of a brief for toilet provision in performing arts venues in Hong Kong


Author: Lo, Pui-ching Don
Title: Development of a brief for toilet provision in performing arts venues in Hong Kong
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2010
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Restrooms -- China -- Hong Kong
Toilets -- China -- Hong Kong
Theaters -- China -- Hong Kong
Department: Dept. of Building Services Engineering
Pages: xxiv, 212 leaves : ill. ; 31 cm.
InnoPac Record:
Abstract: This study is to examine the current provision of toilet facilities in Hong Kong theatre venues, how they are provided, located, distributed and laid out in effect to affect the theatre goers, especially during the fifteen minutes intermission period, by which such interval is the busiest period of the toilet facilities inside theatres. Toilet facilities in Hong Kong theatre venues are always considered as smelly and to have long queues waiting outside. As a human basic need, toilet facilities should never be compromised at anywhere in anytime. The theory and literature of the paper starts by looking at the users' toilet using time and the toilet provisions of various countries in comparison with the local situation. Most importantly, it also illustrates the toilet provisions of Hong Kong theatre venues in comparison with the Hong Kong provision standard as well as the other countries theatre provision standard. Case studies of the Hong Kong theatre venues, including the Hong Kong Leisure and Cultural Services Department (LCSD) managed venues, as well as, the Hong Kong PolyU Jockey Club Auditorium (HKJCA) and the Hong Kong Academy of Performing Arts (HKAPA) -the educational institutions managed venues, are conducted. Studies examine these theatre venues' toilet facilities in detail by comparing their existing provisions in terms of the location, the number prOVision, the distribution, the layout and the toilet ancillary facilities to the Hong Kong public facilities and standards, as well as the other countries standards. Date of the theatre venues toilets provision and facilities relating to the venues audience capacities are collected for comparison. Tables and photographs are included to elucidate the toilet path, location and the provided facilities. Conclusions present the basic concerns of the theatergoers during the 15 minutes interval -if they can find and get to the toilet easily; if the toilet is available when they find it; if the air-circulation is strong enough to keep the air fresh inside the toilets; and if the facilities provided can cope with the usage demand during the performance intermission. To address the concerns, the basic elements in concerning the toilet facilities in theatre venues are introduced: Accessibility, Availability, Air-Quality, and Automation. These four elements interact with the issues that venue management usually has no control of them during the planning and the design period. However, they will strongly affect the venue operation when venue management takes over a venue. Recommendations are suggested pursuant to the case studies. The local and the other countries precedents are employed as reference to improve the existing theatre venue toilet facilities in serving the venues visitors, especially the theatergoers during the 15 minutes 'rush-interval'. As planning is the basic principal to get the design right for the project, the recommendations are purposely designed to serve as a guideline for future provision of the toilet facilities with human concerns for the future theatre venues, and to emulate with internationally standard and practice.

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