Beliefs in healthy diet and physical activities among parents of school-age children with intellectual disability

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Beliefs in healthy diet and physical activities among parents of school-age children with intellectual disability

 

Author: Tang, Pui-yu
Title: Beliefs in healthy diet and physical activities among parents of school-age children with intellectual disability
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2010
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Children with mental disabilities -- Care -- China -- Hong Kong
Parents of mentally ill children -- China -- Hong Kong
Health behavior in children -- China -- Hong Kong
Diet therapy -- China -- Hong Kong
Department: Dept. of Rehabilitation Sciences
Pages: vi, 92 leaves : ill. ; 31 cm.
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b2356218
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/5851
Abstract: Few studies have examined the beliefs in healthy diet and physical activities among parents of school children with intellectual disability, which are the predictors of people's behavior in taking healthy diet and participating in physical activities. A questiormaire assessing the theory of planned behavior constructs (intentions, attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control) was translated in Chinese. 107 parents of school aged children with intellectual disability in three special schools, completed a questiormaire with items related to taking healthy diet and participation in regular exercise and variables of demographic characteristics. The result showed that in healthy diet taking, the mean score of affective attitude was 15.32 (3.74)/21, while in instrumental attitude was 17.40 (3.28)/21, subjective norm was 9.43 (3.3)/14, perceived behavior control was 14.36 (3.90)/21. The statistics revealed that the parents had positive behavioral beliefs, above average normative belief, and a median control belief towards healthy diet taking. The parent's intent score in healthy diet was 56.5 (11.09)/77, that is 73.37%, intention in healthy diet taking was strong. In the participation of physical activity, the mean score of affective attitude was 15.40 (4.90)/21, in instrumental attitude was 17.72 (3.76)/21, the subjective norm was 9.98 (3.27)/14, and the perceived behavioral control was 13.47 (4.54)/21. The statistics showed similar result as diet taking except the score of perceived behavior control in physical exercise was higher than diet taking. That means the parents had more confidence in doing exercise than eating healthy. However, in view of the small sample size and incomplete data collected. Results cannot be generalized in this application of the TPB model. Further assessment in the diet taking and regular exercise participation behavior is recommended. Nevertheless, the results give the insight to the intervention strategies. The importance of healthy diet and regular exercise should be highlighted for the future health education promotion program and policies planning.

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