The efficacy of body scan meditation exercise to improve physical and mental health of cancer patients who are undergoing palliative care

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The efficacy of body scan meditation exercise to improve physical and mental health of cancer patients who are undergoing palliative care

 

Author: Tsang, Chi-hung
Title: The efficacy of body scan meditation exercise to improve physical and mental health of cancer patients who are undergoing palliative care
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2007
Subject: Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations.
Cancer -- Palliative treatment.
Meditation -- Therapeutic use.
Department: School of Nursing
Pages: xiii, 73 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b2115914
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/61
Abstract: This study explored the efficacy of body scan meditation on general physical and mental health of cancer patients who are undergoing palliative care. An quasi-experimental design was conducted, using SF-36 questionnaire as measuring tool, the scores of physical health elements including physical function, role physical, bodily pain, general health and physical component summary; and mental health elements including vitality, social function, role emotion, mental health and mental component summary were compared between experimental and control group subjects before, 1 week and 1 month after intervention. The intervention consisted of 3 hourly individual BSM training workshops for three consecutive weeks. Guided by audio sound track, subjects in experimental group were advised to practice BSM 30-45 minutes per day for five times per week. Twenty-eight participants joined and completed the study. Results revealed that BSM training had no beneficial effects on physical health elements measured but the mental health components including mental health and mental component summary of the experimental subjects was significantly improved. The improvements could also be sustained for 1 month after intervention but the level of improvement were somehow capped 1 week after intervention. The authors suggest that BSM can act as adjunct nursing intervention for promoting mental health of cancer patients undergoing palliative care. From nursing perspective, BSM is a new element for patient education. It is also one of the approaches to actualize holistic patient care. From the patient perspective, this practice lets these palliative patients to actively participate in the caring process rather than just as a recipient of care. From the view of hospital, BSM is a cost effective intervention to meet the psychological needs of the dying patients. Once patients have learnt the skill, they can practise by themselves easily by using audio sound track guide. Therefore, it is strongly recommended to apply this practice in the palliative caring process.

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