Factors associated with pressure ucler [i.e. ulcer] development in athletes with disabilities in Hong Kong

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Factors associated with pressure ucler [i.e. ulcer] development in athletes with disabilities in Hong Kong

 

Author: Choy, Mun Tse Mandy
Title: Factors associated with pressure ucler [i.e. ulcer] development in athletes with disabilities in Hong Kong
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2012
Subject: Athletes with disabilities -- China -- Hong Kong.
Bedsores.
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: School of Nursing
Pages: viii, 110 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b2527585
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/6664
Abstract: Aim: The aim of the present study was to determine the incidence of pressure ulcer over a three-month period and to identify factors associated with pressure ulcer development in athletes with physical disabilities in Hong Kong. Background: Researches had identified pressure ulcer as a severe injury and unique medical issue among athletes with disabilities. Only general injury patterns had been described and none attempted to understand factors associated with pressure ulcer development in this population. Design: Prospective cohort study to study. Method: The study involved 99 athletes with disabilities from the Hong Kong Squad Team. Information on participant's socio-demographic characteristics, pressure ulcer history, existing pressure ulcer, disability-related characteristics, sports-related characteristics and pressure ulcer risk factors were collected by means of questionnaires. The researcher assessed the participant in person upon detection of skin breakdown or redness reported by the participant or their coaches during a three-month study period. The data were collected between August, 2011 and January, 2012. Presence of pressure ulcers during the three-month study period was used as the outcome measure. Bivariate analysis was used to compare each suggested factor with the dependent variable. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with pressure ulcer development. Results: The first pressure ulcer incidence was 16.1%. Several sports-related factors and one pressure ulcer risk factor were associated with pressure ulcer development. Athletes with more training sessions, longer training hours, more frequently involved in competitions within the past 12 months and having very limited sensory perception, were at high risk of pressure ulcer development. Conclusions: This was the first study to determine the incidence of pressure ulcers in athletes with disabilities in Hong Kong and provides a first description of this injury risk. Factors associated with pressure ulcer development were identified and pressure ulcer prevention programs that were specific to this population should be adopted.

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