The effect of mentorship program and mentoring relationship quality on adolescents' development outcomes, and the interaction between mentoring and parent relationship in adolescents

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The effect of mentorship program and mentoring relationship quality on adolescents' development outcomes, and the interaction between mentoring and parent relationship in adolescents

 

Author: Zhou, Xiao Chun
Title: The effect of mentorship program and mentoring relationship quality on adolescents' development outcomes, and the interaction between mentoring and parent relationship in adolescents
Degree: Ph.D.
Year: 2013
Subject: Mentoring -- China -- Hong Kong.
Youth development -- China -- Hong Kong.
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Dept. of Applied Social Sciences
Pages: 267 leaves : ill. ; 30 cm.
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b2681771
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/7358
Abstract: Mentorship program has been developed in western society for more than one hundred years, and the effects of mentorship program have been studied and verified. Mentoring relationship is very important to the success of mentorship programs and also to the effect of mentorship program on participants. But its effectiveness has not been examined in Chinese society, and the interaction between mentoring relationship and the relationship with parents is not empirically tested. The purpose of this study is to answer the question whether mentorship program is effective in Chinese society, and specifically, what are the effects of mentoring relationship and the patterns of interaction between mentoring relationship and the relationship with parents. Meanwhile, this research tests theoretical frameworks on mentoring, improves understanding on effects of mentorship and complex interaction between mentoring relationship and other important relational context of adolescents. Built from Rhodes’ theoretical framework on youth mentoring (J. E. Rhodes, 2005), the relationship with parents can affect the mentoring relationship and the mentoring relationship can affect the relationship with parents of participants. Studying these complex reciprocal effect pathways can provide supporting evidence for practitioners on promoting the development of mentoring relationship, improving the relationship with parents of participants, thus helping participants to achieve positive outcomes more effectively and upgrading the operation of the mentorship program. In the research both a longitudinal design and a semi-experimental design have been utilized. Data were collected from three rounds of the survey of a participated group of 310 participants and comparison groups of 208 adolescents with similar background as the participating adolescents. Hierarchical regression and rANOVA are used to test the effects of mentorship program and mentoring relationship, and Path analysis has been applied to explore the interaction pattern between mentoring relationship and the relationship with parents. The findings of this research indicate that mentorship program were beneficial for the youth in promoting self-esteem, general mental health, develop life goals and in making long-term planning, establishing relationships with family, peers, and other significant adults, enhancing academic study with less delinquent behaviors and more involved in positive activities. Mentoring relationship and relationship with parents interacts dynamically at the three rounds of survey of this research. This research confirms that mentorship program is effective in Chinese society and mentoring relationship can affect the development of adolescents. Mentoring relationship and relationship with parents are dynamically interacting with each other. Limitations of the study, implications to mentoring practice and future research directions are discussed.

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