Metaphor and the 2012 presidential campaign : a comparative study of Chinese and English election news reports

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Metaphor and the 2012 presidential campaign : a comparative study of Chinese and English election news reports

 

Author: Han, Ying Doris
Title: Metaphor and the 2012 presidential campaign : a comparative study of Chinese and English election news reports
Degree: M.A.
Year: 2013
Subject: Metaphor.
Discourse analysis -- Political aspects.
Language and languages -- Political aspects.
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Dept. of English
Pages: vi, 92 pages
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b2687621
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/7669
Abstract: This research project is a comparative metaphor study between English and Chinese news reports on the 2012 United States presidential election. The study is conducted as a corpus-driven one that two corpora, namely English Election Report Corpus (EERC) and Chinese Election Report Corpus (CERC), are compiled as the database of the research. EERC includes 100 English news reports selected from The New York Times, The Christian Science Monitor and The Washington Post, and CERC contains 65 Chinese news articles taken from人民日报 (People's Daily), 参考消息 (Reference News) and 国际先驱导报 (International Herald Leader) in the same period of 1st March 2012 to 6th November 2012. Besides, Charteris-Black’s critical metaphor analysis is combined with Lakoff’s conceptual metaphor theory as the theoretical framework of the research. The project aims to compare the use of metaphor cross-linguistically in terms of three aspects. In the first stage, the major linguistic metaphors in both languages are identified in accordance with various source domains. Then the similarities and differences between English and Chinese reports are discussed in terms of linguistic metaphor use as well as conceptual metaphor usage. And finally, the reasons for the similarities and differences are investigated. The research findings demonstrate that in election reports, 16 source domains are identified, 9 of which are shared by both languages. However, though a large proportion of conceptual metaphors are shared, the linguistic metaphors in both languages under each source domain differ from each other drastically. The differences can be explained in regards of the different social environment, cultural background as well as the historical influences in America and China.

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