On evaluating online DASH systems

Pao Yue-kong Library Electronic Theses Database

On evaluating online DASH systems

 

Author: Xiao, Jie
Title: On evaluating online DASH systems
Degree: M.Sc.
Year: 2016
Subject: Data transmission systems -- Evaluation.
Streaming technology (Telecommunications)
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: Dept. of Computing
Pages: viii, 44 pages : color illustrations
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b2856415
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/8380
Abstract: HTTP streaming has become a cost-effective way for multimedia delivery nowadays. Recently, many DASH (dynamic adaptive streaming over HTTP) algorithms have been proposed to get good performance. As HTML5 video players are adopted by more and more mainstream companies, how these algorithms work on HTML5 players becomes a big concern. In our paper, we come up with an automatically DASH algorithm evaluation system based on the BenchLab framework developed by the University of Massachusetts Amherst. Our system incorporates most of recently proposed DASH algorithms to the system, and we discuss trade-off of these algorithms by carrying out experiments based on the very native HTML5 video player. The result data for comparison are not only in terms of bit rate level and buffer size, but also the quality of experience and fairness. DASH algorithms may be easily implemented and compared when you are willing to develop new algorithms. Using our testbed, we discovered that network fluctuation, number of competing clients, server-side configurations, media segmentations as well as media content itself have influence on the adaptive behavior of algorithms. In general, throughput-based adaption methods perform well in terms of average bit rate of video but have more vulnerabilities of stallings compared to buffer-based algorithms when available bandwidth fluctuates. Buffer-based DASH algorithms have shorter initial delay time and are stable to short-term bandwidth changes without significant degradation of average bit rate level, and they can get better performance for larger buffer size and longer video duration. Fairness algorithms tackle the problem of competing peers sharing available bandwidth unequally, caused by the on-off mode of adaption behavior. However, it pays the cost of degrading video quality.

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