Social impact of the Individual Visitor Scheme (IVS) of Chinese mainland tourists on Hong Kong : evidence from Hong Kong residents

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Social impact of the Individual Visitor Scheme (IVS) of Chinese mainland tourists on Hong Kong : evidence from Hong Kong residents

 

Author: Shen, Huawen James
Title: Social impact of the Individual Visitor Scheme (IVS) of Chinese mainland tourists on Hong Kong : evidence from Hong Kong residents
Degree: DHTM
Year: 2015
Subject: Tourists -- China.
Tourists -- China -- Attitudes.
Culture conflict -- China -- Hong Kong.
Hong Kong Polytechnic University -- Dissertations
Department: School of Hotel and Tourism Management
Pages: xi, 188 pages : color illustrations
Language: English
InnoPac Record: http://library.polyu.edu.hk/record=b2832917
URI: http://theses.lib.polyu.edu.hk/handle/200/8397
Abstract: This study is basically an explorative and explanatory research, with the overall purpose to identify, explore and analyze the social impacts of IVS in the outbound destination of Hong Kong. The specific research objectives of this study are (1) to identify the major dimensions of the social impacts of IVS from the perspectives of local residents; (2) to investigate the impacts of the social dimensions of IVS on the attitudinal and behavioral inclinations of the local residents; (3) to propose practical measures to enhance the social sustainability of the IVS as a special mode of travel by mainland visitors to Hong Kong. Based upon the extensive literature review a theoretical framework was constructed and proposed accordingly to evaluate the social impacts of IVS. Altogether there are five research components that are included, namely government regulations, perception, place attachment, attitude and behavioral intentions. The interrelationships among the research components in this study are constructed as follows: (1) perceptions of government regulations have a direct effect on attitude of local residents in Hong Kong about IVS; (2) perceptions of the social impacts of IVS have a direct effect on attitude of local residents in Hong Kong about IVS; (3) level of place attachment has a direct effect on attitude of local residents in Hong Kong about IVS; and (4) while affected by perceptions of government regulations, perceptions of the social impacts of IVS, and level of place attachment, attitude of local residents in Hong Kong about IVS has an effect on their behavioral intentions regarding IVS. In this sense, a partial mediating function is performed by attitude between the three exogenous variables and behavioral intentions as endogenous variable. Both qualitative and quantitative research methodologies were employed in the study. Firstly, preliminary scales of measurements of the research variables are to be proposed from an extensive review of relevant literature, with special attention paid to the cultural contexts of this study. Then, in-depth interviews of local residents in Hong Kong are to be conducted to probe their thoughts and comments on the proposed scale, with amendments made accordingly. Next, to establish and leverage the preliminary content validity of the proposed scale with its current hierarchy, a panel of six experts in the area of social impacts of tourism will be invited to make judgments on the revised scales. Advice was sought on relevance of each item to the research objectives at large, as well as the representativeness of the item of the dimension to which it is designated, and the clarity and conciseness of the wording of the items. With the revised scale, a pilot was conducted to assess the reliability of all the major constructs. Finally, a main survey is to be conducted and the structural equation modeling (SEM) is performed using AMOS22. The results of the study confirmed the applicability of classical models on social impacts of tourism development, and indicate that the social impacts of IVS can be distinguished by local residents in social, economic as well as cultural terms according to their social representations. Moreover, four hypothesized relationships tested, were all supported, except for one with minor modification. Specifically, social and cultural dimensions wielded significant impacts on resident attitude, whereas the economic dimensions did not influence resident attitude. In turn, resident attitude had a significant positive impact on behavioral intention. Meanwhile, both level of place attachment and perceptions o government regulations showed positive influences on both resident attitude and behavioral intention. Theoretical contributions, practical implications and limitations of the study were also discussed accordingly.

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